IUB SPH-M 333 - M333 Exam 3 (40 pages)

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M333 Exam 3



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M333 Exam 3

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Pages:
40
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Sph-M 333 - Sport in America: Hist Perspectv
Unformatted text preview:

04 07 2014 Ancient Olympics Small affairs firs population in 776 B C o Winners were celebrated as hero s o Greek customs o Pankration o Abolished in 393 A D by Emperor Theodosius Rebirth records are ephemeral The winning of an Olympic title is eternal Roger Bannister he broke the 4 min mile I think Greek nationalism mid 19th century o Zappas Olympics Greeks only Birth Of the IOC o 1894 o Every 4 years o Rotates locations o Citius Altius Fortius faster higher stronger Pierre De Coubertin Sport was spiritual Sport promotes health Sport promotes peace Sport promotes understanding between culture Sport is about participation Amateurs o Based on Greek ideal that untrue o The important in life is not the triumph but the struggle the essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well The First Modern Games Athens 1896 o 14 nations o 241 competitors o Public and privately financed Crown Prince Konstantions and Giorgios Averof o Panthenaic stadium o 10 sports Track and field Cycling Shooting Fencing Gymnastics Wrestling o Greece won 47 medals the US won 20 o Thomas Burke 12 seconds invented the crouching start Early Games World Fiar s in 1900 and 1904 o Side shows o First Female competitors o This was a sport so was this and this Tug of war 1900 1920 Art Competitions Cricket 1904 Games o First US games not many international competitors o Medals awarded o African competitors o George Eyser 3 medals at those games Gymnast Margaret Abbott Amateur golfer Didn t know she was competing Won a gold medal because was already there and then decided to sign up and play Golf will be an Olympic sport again The Intercalated Olympics Athens 1906 Innovations o Opening and closing ceremony o Parade of nations o Olympic village o Raising flags Not officially recognized by the IOC The games grow 1908 London o 2 024 partiicaptns o 24 sports 1912 Stockholm o 2 504 particpatns o Jim Thorpe NY giants Bears NFL hall of fame Victory and then disgrace Medals reinstated in 1982 to his children Went on to play pro basketball Best athlete of first half of 20th century Had been paid to play MLB games Stripped of his titles of the decathlon 1916 No Games b c of war The Roaring Twenties 1920 Antwerp Five rings because continents Each color symbolizes a continent The Winter Olympics Evolution from Nordic Games Started in 1924 Chamonix France o 314 competitors from 19 nations Same year as summer games until 1994 Alpine bobsleigh cross country skiing figure skating ice hockey Nordic combined ski jumping speed skating luge 1964 Winter Games 1932 Lake Placid first US Games 1936 Germany o 668 competitors 28 nations 1960 Squaw Valley o Did not have facilities before winning bid o 1964 Innsbruck 1 905 competitors 36 nations Televised Well run games created template for future organizers Famous Winter Athletes Sonja Henie 3 figure skating golds Dick Button 2 figure skating golds 1960 Use Men s Hockey Team 1928 Amsterdam 3 244 participants 17 sports Woman compete in T F and gymnastics Betty Robinson gold medal in 100m Johnny Weissmuller Face of Tarzan and swimmer 1932 Los Angeles Depression less than 1 922 competitors in 18 sports Ralph Metcalfe finished second to him in both events and Eddie Tolan Midnight Express Gold in 100m and 200m First use of automatic timing o Sponsored by Swiss The Babe I came out to beat everybody in sight and that s what I m going to do I can do anything Mildred babe Didrickson Won three medals Pitched on a traveling baseball team o Babe s All Americans o Became o Won US Open by 12 strokes after major surgery 1936 Berlin 4 482 participants in 24 sports Largest games ever held Germany dominates 101 medals Adolf vs Jesse Owens won 4 medals 100 200 4x1 and Long jump Televised Post WII Avery Brundage Positives o Never took a salry o Signed major TV contracts o Games popularty skyrocketed o Kept them amateur o Kept them non political o Thought the Olympics could overcome politics Negatives o Fought boycott of 1936 games o Athletes called him Slavery Avery o Militant pursuit of amateurism o Overlooked Soviet abuses o Invited South Africa to compete o In actions in Munich Rome 1960 5 350 participants 93 nations First televised games CBS William Rudolph 100m 200m 4x100m overcame Scarlet Fever and Polio Rafer Johnson winning the decathlaon Cassius Clay winning heavyweight gold medal Roone Arledge Every time you hear the mighty Olympic theme every time you see the split screen every time you see a pre recorded interview of a guy who just made a play explaining his interior motivation those are Arledge moments Made the Olympics a TV event Wall to Wall coverage Athlete profiles Announcers on site Jim McKay The Olympics and T ABC aired every Summer Olympics between 1968 and 1988 NBC has aired every Olympics sinc 200 and woll do so until at least 2020 1968 4 5 m 1976 25 m 1984 225m Mexico City 1968 5 557 competitors 112 nations Tlatelolco massacre two weeks before games Elevated air Political air Bob Beamon jumped so far the tape couldn t measure it Munich 1972 and Montreal 1976 Munich 121 nations 7113 athletes Mark Spitz the best ever Swimmer for IU 7 gold medals Olga Korbet gymnastics ascends Nadia Comaneci the perfect 10 Bruce Jenner won the decathlon Boycott Denver 1976 winter not in our town o 24 nations boycott Moscow 1980 Russians in Afghanistan o 80 nations 4 136 athletes o 65 nations boycott Los Angeles 1984 Russian revenge 140 nations 6801 athletes US boycotts in 1980 DO you believe Lake Placid 1980 o Small town o Traffic and communication issues Eric Heiden o Five golds won every distance in speed skating event o Went to school spent the last 30 years being a dentist Miracle on Ice Semi final game beat Soviet Union still get silver medal because of how many wins 1984 Los Angeles Turning point for Olympic survival o Privately financed o Sponsors galore o Makes a profit 223 m o TV contract 225m vs 25m in 1976 Peter Uberroth made it happen Heroes of Los Angeles USA won 174 medals 83 gold Carl Lewis 4 gold medals o Sprinter and long jumper o 10 medals in his career o 9 gold o four straight in the long jump Mary Lou Retton 5 medals gymnastics girl scored perfect ten in vault last event Tracy Caulkins 3 medals Big s and big s London 2012 most watched television event un US history o 219 m viewers avg 31 o 17 5 rating o 5 535 broadcast hours o 2 billion page views o 158 video streams Cost o 3 5 billion for 2000 2008 NBC o 2 2 billion for 2010 and 2012 NBC o 4 38 billion for 2014 2020 NBC


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