IUB SPH-M 333 - M333 Ch 1 (18 pages)

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M333 Ch 1



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M333 Ch 1

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Pages:
18
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Sph-M 333 - Sport in America: Hist Perspectv
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M333 Ch 1 01 31 2014 The Emergence of Sports in the US Started from the bottom now we re here Jay Z and Rihanna Half time show really big show paying to be in the half show Bringing music and sports together Lacrosse America s First Was popular around the Great Lakes esp North East Played on days on end was apart of their culture Colonial America Immigrants brought customs values and vices of the Old World Folk games activities with no standardized rules organization Maine Goal Build a new order Games NOT PRIORITY Harsh environments Labor and worship were essential colonies did not pass laws against ball and blood sports public Suppress butchery sports Animal baiting Cockfighting Violent human comp Foot ball New England Development of Country 1790 95 rural arg areas 1830 80 farmers 1860 20 urban areas Network of canals 30 000 miles of railroads Telegraph powered ships New york and Philadelphia two largest cities New York Originally settled by Butch Relax Leisure activity Dancing Card playing Animal baiting Maypole celebrations Young People Boys learn to hunt fish Girls run and swim for physical development interesting didn t want girls doing this thought it hurt reproductive system Pennsylvania Quakers viewed playing games as promoting o Spiritual growth o You wanna bet Gambling in regions controlled by the Puritan And Quakers was generally minimal ad not as serious Churches schools colleges o Financed public The Dirty South Recreation High stake Gambling o Cards Backgammon Dice Horses o Tobacco planters Maryland Virginia o First group of blacks claves 19 in 1619 Social status Southern Culture Even if the best husband and the greatest forecast and skill were used yet ill luck at sea a fall of a market or 20 other accidents may ruin and overthrow the best industry High stakes Greats fascinations Horse racing 18th Cent Virginia racing culture Few oval tracks Skilled trainers Imported thoroughbreds Weekend long events Tavern life Tavern located in towns and long country roads Cock fighting and animal baiting o Cheering o Drinking o Gambling Post American revolution civil war times England blood sport No holds barred Western Virginia Carolinas Kent and ten Uncultured young males o Hunters trappers Standardization Use of agreed standard and rues of play Committees 1821 NY legislature voted to legalize horse racing Standardization 0 jockey clucks New York Jockey club Now diff between sport play game Jan 29 2014 citationmachine net Running Header page number cover page Full name then institution In text Brenner 2013 Chapter 2 Baseball Henry Chadwhick Baseball is an American pastime we got ideas England called rounders in England a military general said he created baseball Baseball Video knickerbockers played cricket players for the first real game of baseball and they lost 23 1 Jan 31 2013 Chapter 2 IS Baseball American born Historical argument David Block o Prior to 1800 o base ball Civil War large crowds still attended games in NY Union and confederate soldiers played baseball to pass time o Town ball competition of amateur players Town ball flourished in 19th century o Intense rivalries in communities Pro teams developed post war Early Baseball Urban bachelors o shop owners bankers artisans lawyers physicians accountants businessmen Early Rules Local rules No protective equipment Positions o Bowler or feeder pitcher o Striker catcher o Soaked thrown out New York Knickerbockers 1st baseball club Fraternal group 1842 27th St Fourth Ave Alexander Joy Cartwright o Young bookkeepers o Suggested creation of formal baseball club with bylaws o 5 annual fee would be like 65 today o Written rules Father of Baseball Alexander Cartwright Rules Members must strictly observe the time agreed for exercise and be punctional in their attendance A genius or Just Lucky What missing 9 inning rule umpires base on balls Standards Bags replaced stakes 90ft apart in diamond shape bowler threw from 45ft away Team size of 9 Out o Batted ball was caught on first bounce or on the fly o Three swings without contact o Ball arrived to base Abner Doubleday General in Union Army Died in 1893 Obituary had no mention of baseball 1839 Second year cadet at Wes Point baseball Hall of Fame o Opened in Cooperstown on 100th anniversary of this mythical revelation 1939 This fabrication was accepted as Gospel because the American people wished it so Henry Chadwick Born in England a moral recreation Created composite box score by 1860 s Introduced batting averages The Game of Base Ball How to Learn It How to Play it and How to Teach it 1868 Early Rules of the NL Forbidden to drink during game No alcohol sold inside the venue Gabling was barred Ticket prices set at 50 cents NO games on Sundays The Reserve Clause 1 Definition application Impact 2 Owners desired to cut salaries 1876 63 of cost due to salalries 1877 65 1878 68 1879 61 5 1885 Established salary ca 3 Steps in process 1878 banned negotiations between players another club during playing season 1879 Reserve clause 5 players 1883 Both NL AA agree to reserve 11 1886 reserve 12 1887 reserve 14 1887 reserve Impact on of player Salaries Average or worker in 80 s 440 per year National League Boston nationals o salary 1 377 Providence nationals o Ave salary 1882 1278 1883 1446 Cost Cutters Player expense 1 Charge 50 cents a day on road 2 players furnish own uniforms 3 pay for cleaning and repair 4 30 per players for uniforms 5 players assumed all expenses for injuries or illness club did not even have to pay salary 6 advance paid 6 or 7 months so gave advances for player to get through winter American Association Challenge 1880 1890 1 American Association of Base Ball Clubs AA Est 1881 aka The Beer Whiskey League A Sought to tap into large pool of non Victorian base ball fans o Sod beer liquor o Allowed blacks Old American League Dominated by brew masters o Cartel agreement Similar to NL o Caused by NL Franchise agreement s about new members o Followed some of the same rules Lessons from the American Association 1 Importance of large market cities 2 popular combo 25 cents Sunday games Liquor beer sales 3 Appeal to larger segments of society segmentation concept broadened 4 appeal of popular colorful players Pete Browning King Kelley 5 Importance of National Agreement o Esp when extended to minor leagues o 1882 marks the beginning of Organized baseball 6 Importance of Reserve Clause 7 Importance of Franchise Agreements 8 Need for middle management 9 First World Series


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