IUB SPH-M 333 - M333 notes (27 pages)

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M333 notes

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Pages:
27
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Sph-M 333 - Sport in America: Hist Perspectv
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M333 09 10 2014 Chapter 1 Beginning of Sport Game No standard rules bureaucratic organization Immigrants brought customs over Puritans Very simple Ungodly activities leisure Anglicans Similar to puritans Puritans suppress butchery sports o Killing of animals Quakers Philly o no leisure Penn o Yes leisure More colonies with water sports Less colonies horse racing gambling o Wealthy o Trotting poor people Chapter 2 Baseball Baseball Started around civil war time Employers saw value in sponsoring teams especially winning ones Post civil war professional teams o Helped by Railroads helped teams Telegraph sent scores info printing news Paying players was highly debated NABBP Defended concept of amateurism Fenced off fields promoted tickets o Promoted players wanting share of the cut 1868 top 8 teams combined for more than 100 000 Cincy Red Stocking 1st all pro team Harry Wright Cricket player baseball Developed strategies still used Designed uniforms Scheduled games Chadwick Box score stats Rules Min pop 1 team city 9 10 Chapter 3 The History of NCAA College Athletics Rise of Intercollegiate Sports 1840 1880 o period of student control 1852 o 1st Harvard vs Yale Boat Race 1876 o Intercollegiate Football Association Students Run the Show Student organized and administered Student financed Decided eligibility rules Early College Sports Rowing Popular prior to civil war Clubs in northeaster campuses Yale Harvard 1852 Highly publicized Lake Winnipesaukee in new Hampshire 1000 spectators College Regatta Association Written rules and regulations Member Post civil war Track and field o College track field teams o Organized and had spring meets Baseball o Nation s most popular team sport o First recorded game Rush Rush for potential athletes during this time Coachers What coaches were called then Captains Held responsibilities of today s coaches and athletic directors o Organizing the team Origins of Football Came from Greek game Harpaston o Described as a very rough and brutal Rules scoring o Kicking running and throwing it past the goal line o Stop the other team College football November 6 1869 Princeton vs Rutgers Played using English football association rules Each team had 25 players Closely resembled soccer Rutgers won 6 4 Banquet followed after in which the teams toasted each other Football Caught Fire Around College Campuses Early problems Tramp athletes Proselytizing o Financial recruitment Professors and deans o Dismal academic records of this migrant class of athletes o Many students showed more interested in games than their studies Violent nature of the sport Beginning of modern rules 1873 standardized rules Yale Columbia Princeton Rutgers Harvard refused o Wanted physical rules 1874 Harvard vs McGill o Oval ball 1874 1875 Harvard vs Yale Walter Camp 1880 father of modern football first rule was adjusting starting players 15 to 11 establishment of line of scrimmage snap from center to quarterback 1881 championship Princeton vs Yale 0 0 tie line of scrimmage was used to slow down the pace of play implementation of downs o 5 yards in 3 downs field size reduction football popularity 1880s became popular nationwide 1892 first professional player guard William Heffelinger 500 1892 first professional game rules regions played by their own rules and scoring standards all eastern bloc rules committee o 1897 Walter camp Amos Stagg Alex Moffatt o 6 points TD 5 points for a kick substitution rules conferences 1894 southern intercollegiate athletic association formed Dr William Dudley o Crafted a constitution o Set rules 5 years of eligibility banning professional athletics attend school they represent banning instructors from playing o Elected officers Big ten conference history Meet in 1895 Known as west conference 1899 Indiana joined Named big nine 1912 Ohio state joined named big ten 1939 1949 Michigan state joined Before 1987 1990 Penn state 2010 Nebraska rules 1899 Rise of the south 1900 Yale exploits rules I formation Spreads west By 1900 there were 43 schools participating 1901 1904 1902 Michigan Stanford injuries 1895 1905 high injury sport o hampen park blood bath o army navy game o 18 players killed in 1905 alone o 1896 leads to headgear 1905 reform o limiting players within the neutral zone o forward pass 1910 33 more deaths 12 interlocking formations were banned o welcomed 4th down 6 points for a touchdown professional football league 1920 administration by 1885 the school s want a piece of the pie o use athletics to increase enrollment o attract from local businesses o attract alumni o influence state legislatures to provide how football almost died 18 deaths in 1906 game many such as Harvard president Charles Eliot pushed to ban game The NYT ran editorials supporting abolition Roosevelt wanted the game to survive o his son played at Harvard formation history established in 19906 on the premise to protect young people formation of the NCAA Roosevelt lead two white house conferences to encourage reform o Chancellor henry IAAUS transitioned to NCAA in 1910 o 1921 first NCAA national championship occurred basketball Oregon won in 1939 Execute 88 championships for 89 sports in Division 1 2 3 Divisions Pre 1955 None 1956 1972 major university division and college division 1973 present 3 divisions sanity code 1946 defined amateurism institutional responsibility academic standards financial aid control results o ultimate power resides with NCAA o NCAA has enforcement power o NCAA Power of television contracts 1940s two colleges had tv contracts 1951 NCAA prohibited games on television NCAA vs Board of Regents 1984 University of Oklahoma vs university of Georgia athletic association Supreme court Violated Sherman antitrust act o Prohibits certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be anti competitive Television rights negotiated 1984 1991 Notre dame nbc deal 1998 bowl championship series NCAA Men s basketball tournament Only tournament where they profit College licensing company Handles business on more than 150 schools Asset s in design selections and representation of logos Promotes logo use to national vendors Patrols curtails counterfeit marketers University logo products 2 billion in 1995 highest net income Alabama Penn state Michigan Texas Kansas state Chapter 4 09 10 2014 Chapter 4 The Modernization of American Sports 1865 1920 Importance of Organized Sports Employers found team sports to be useful in controlling works attitudes and behavior


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