TAMU NUTR 202 - Ch 12 Nutr from 1 to 100 (5 pages)

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Ch 12 Nutr from 1 to 100

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Ch 12 Nutr from 1 to 100


Calorie needs of children infants. toddlers, school aged children, adolescents.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
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NUTR 202 1nd Edition Lecture 23 Ch 12 Nutrition from 1 100 Total Calories day vs Calories Kg day As you age total calories will increase Baby 1000 calories 2500 calories Total Calories day vs Calories Kg day 2 year old 1000 6 year old 1600 As they age total Kcal kg day Decrease Total Protein vs Protein Kg day 2 year old 13 g total protein needed 6 year old 19g total protein needed As they age total protein kg day Decrease AMDRs Carbohydrates 45 65 of total E intake Fat intake 1 3 yrs 30 40 4 18 yrs 25 35 As children grow what happen with the recommendation of fat Decrease Children need higher water and fluid intake compared to infant careful to not intake fruit juice overweight problems and also worry about timing give food before Water isn t a concern because kidneys are more mature and more capacity to regulate reabsorption of water and infants loose more water through evaporation so that is a concern of infant To optimize peak bone mass and prevent osteoporosis later in life Calcium Children 1 3 years of age 700 mg day Children 4 8 years of age 1000mg day 1 2 cups of milk To enhance Ca absorption Vitamin D RDA 600 IU 15 g Iron related to memory and brain development role for growth and prevention of anemia 1 3 years old need 7mg d 4 8 years old need 8mg day Eat lean meats and fortified cereals Role of parent when developing healthy eating habits when to eat where to eat and what foods are offered should be nutrient dense Children should decide what to eat how much to eat and should be allowed to stop eating when full PA should be in form of play eat all food groups do not give sweet stuff in the beginning maintain healthy food items in household Need meals snacks routine meal patterns expose to variety do not skip breakfast and avoid choking foods Sit down for meals not during playtime Research says that you must expose a food item to a child in order to say if they like it or not Cook together make it enjoyable family time Definitely want to prioritize with school aged children greater risk in comparison Weight Status Category Percentile Range P Underweight Less than 5 P Healthy Weight 5P 85P Overweight 85P 95P Obese 95P We do not use the same BMI parameters as in adults If obese vicious cycle low self esteem need psychological help Type II diabetes nowadays is being diagnosed in children Need nutrition intervention educate on meal patterns and counting carbohydrates Metabolic syndrome increased risks of heart disease including insulin resistance skin color changes higher LDL cholesterol central obesity and problems with lipids in bld Ex patches in skin dark coloration ACANTOSIS NIGRICANS Higher triglycerides Why Because unhealthy diet and more and more of a sedentary lifestyle less PA Screen time should be limited to no more than 2 hrs day Approximately how many children suffer hunger every day in the US 17 million What was mentioned about the fatty steaks in the arteries 15 children has them What is the prevalence of childhood obesity 33 prevalence What are some concerns mentioned about the school meals And what would you recommend to improve those concerns Change unhealthy options get more equipment to make healthier options There is not enough money in the budget food service manager has less than 2 WHAT ARE SOME POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO COMBAT FOOD INSECURITY OBESITY AMONG SCHOOL AGED CHILDREN NSLP federally assisted meal program by the USDA to support low income children that live below the 130 poverty level What are the New Standards and Nutrition Requirements of the NSLP Minimum requirements for Protein Energy Vitamins A C Iron Calcium PAEICC Weight loss is rarely recommended restrictions should be mild offer nutrient dense food increase PA at lease an hour and reduce screen time FARM TO SCHOOL PROGRAM educate school cafeteria provide education in classroom increase fruits and vegetables in cafeteria promote behavioral change Ex marketing for pick of the month different activities that used school gardens and still use math and science integration Adolescent Growth females spurt first Male has less fat more LBM Energy needs Greater during adolescent years compared to adults Boys girls Protein needs Per kilogram of body weight girls and boys the same Ages 9 13 0 95 g kg 14 18 0 85g kg In the 1700s puberty occurred at about age 16 today puberty is occurring earlier it may be because kids are gaining too much fat which stimulates their hormones to rise earlier than they should Concerns for adolescents time of independence changed behaviors unhealthy food choices eating disorders and vegetarian diets doesn t always equal healthy Peer pressure involved Vitamin needs B vitamins Increased needs due to increased energy metabolism Vitamin B6 Protein synthesis Vitamin B12 and folate Cell division Low Dairy Low Sun Risk deficiencies Riboflavin Vitamin D Need more Ca for growth and development compared to children low intake may lead to low peak bone mass and put you at risk for osteoporosis determines future length of mature bone Soft drinks are replacing nutrient dense products bad Teenagers need more IRON for HB and MB

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