TAMU NUTR 202 - End of CH 11 (9 pages)

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End of CH 11

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End of CH 11


END of Ch11 - Breastfeeding benefit; who cannot breast feed; nutrient requirements and differences btw infants; growth rate of infants

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University

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NUTR 202 1nd Edition Lecture 22 Ch 11 cont Remember colostrum has antibodies not found in formula It also includes the hormones that are related to food intake and helps the baby to know when hungry full Breast Milk is Best for an Infant s Unique Nutritional Needs Composition changes as infant grows Colostrum milk produced just after birth compared to mature milk it contains more antibodies protein minerals Vit A and less fat Milk production Synthesis of milk components Stimulated by pituitary hormone prolactin Release of milk from milk producing glands and movement through the milk ducts to the nipple Stimulated by pituitary hormone oxytocin Inhibited by nervous tension fatigue or embarrassment Let down Breast Feeding Helps with Pregnancy Recovery and Reduces the Risk of Some Chronic Diseases Oxytocin causes uterine contractions that help the uterus to return to normal size more quickly Increases energy expenditure which may speed return to pre pregnancy weight Inhibits ovulation lengthening the time between pregnancies Lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes breast ovarian cancer Improves bone density Breast Feeding Protects Against Infections Allergies and Chronic Diseases and May Enhance Brain Development Decreases risk and severity of diarrhea meningitis respiratory ear and urinary tract infections Lactoferrin protein in breast milk binds IRON making it unavailable to bacteria Reduces risks of asthma leukemia heart diseases and diabetes Might help infants with their intellectual development Development of facial muscles speech tooth formation Reduces chance of overfeeding Additional calories needs for mom while breastfeeding from nutrient dense diet pregnant women less than breastfeeding 500 EXTRA CALORIES during first 6 mos of lactation 170 Calories from fat stores Potential weight loss of 2 pounds week Only 320 Calories from food first 6 months During the second 6 months 400 Calories day from food Protein needs Increased by 25g day above DRI Mom needs to

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