TAMU NUTR 202 - CH 11 Pregnancy and Infancy Nutrition Cont. (6 pages)

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CH 11 Pregnancy and Infancy Nutrition Cont.



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CH 11 Pregnancy and Infancy Nutrition Cont.

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Additional nutritional needs and discomforts among pregnant women. Recommendations to avoid during pregnancy; potential complications; teenage pregnancy.


Lecture number:
21
Pages:
6
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Nutr 202 - FUND OF HUMAN NUTR
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

NUTR 202 1nd Edition Lecture 21 Vitamin and mineral needs Folate natural in bananas legumes spinach promote cell division and DNA production For mother Prevent macrocytic anemia Recommended intake before during pregnancy 400 mcg from folic acid 200 mcg addition intake from folate Total 600mcg Need before during and after Additional IRON needed for production of additional red blood cells prevent anemia and for fetal growth and development Usually supplemented since difficult to meet needs with diet Part of components of gaining weight is increase in bld volume need more hemoglobin therefore need iron Don t want to intake with Ca bc competes Additional zinc needed for synthesis of proteins RNA and DNA synthesis Vitamin A Deficiency poor fetal growth Excess before very early in pregnancy risk of facial heart malformations remember fetal pictures Beta carotene precursor to Vit A not harmful Limit Retinol and Vit A containing medications e g Acutane retinoic acid for acne Balance Diet meets MOST nutrients needs BUT NOT eating for two adults Need 20 more calories Need 50 more Folate Vit B6 Iron Zinc Iodine Protein Need adequate calcium absorption doubles May need more VIT D Prenatal Supplements needed even on a good diet Pregnant Moms risk not getting enough Ca Vit D Folate Vit B 12 Fe Zn Discomforts of Pregnancy Physiological changes during pregnancy can cause uncomfortable side effects for the mother These can include Edema increased blood volume morning sickness hormone related heartburn and constipation hemorrhoids During the first trimester the mother is beginning to notice a newly heightened sense of taste or smell and perhaps some sickness and cravings Morning sickness nausea 70 and or vomiting 37 58 any time of day or night usually in 1st trimester Eat small frequent snacks of dry starchy foods avoid greasy foods spicy foods caffeine cook in areas with good ventilation on walking and rise slowly Common cravings Ice cream sweets candy citrus fruits chocolate fish



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