U of U PSY 1230 - Social Cognition (12 pages)

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Social Cognition



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Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition Psychology 1230 Psychology of Adolescence Don Hartmann Fall 2005 Lecture 10 Social Cognition 1 Quiz 1 Information n 80 of the multiple choice items will come from the study guides The MC portion of the quiz will contain 30 40 items from the following sources n n n n n 3 5 questions from each chapter 1 2 items from each lecture and 0 1 questions from each handout The essay portion will include 3 5 relatively brief essay questions taken from the study guides You will have some choice over which questions you can choose to answer Remember Review session Tuesday 10 30 11 45 in BS 604 kitty corner from my office Be sure that a representative from your study group is present 2 WEB Discussion Issue 12 n 12 Identity Gypsie Mafia II Summary Evaluation due on Friday October 7th A substantial portion of the Chapter 5 of the text and at least one important theory Erickson is devoted to identity during adolescence Why the emphasis on identity during the period of adolescence After all identity issues come up during childhood mid life and old age Also comment on at least one other contributor remarks 3 1 Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition WEB Discussion 13 n 13 Temperament and Personality Pith Helmets II Summary Evaluation due on Monday October10th There continues to be some controversy regarding temperament and its impact of later personality Talk to one of your parents perhaps your mother and find out in which temperament category you would have been classified as an infant easy difficult or slow to warm up How does that match up with where you would be placed in Mary Rothbart John Bates adolescent temperament categories positive affect and approach negative affectivity and effortful control Does that make sense to you Feel free to comment on another contributor s comments 4 WEB Discussion Process Group Whippets Hotties 4 1 GypsyMafia JusticeLeague Psyched PithHelmets MAJACS 1 due 09 12 09 19 09 13 No takers 09 19 09 19 09 20 09 21 09 22 09 22 09 23 09 23 09 26 2 due 10 03 10 05 10 04 10 07 3 due 4 due 5 due 10 10 Note Anyone can contribute to any WEB discussion group members are responsible to summarizing the discussion The last day to contribute to any discussion is 3 days before the due date Dates in parenthesis indicate the date handed in 5 Handout Summary WEB Date n n n n n n n n n n n n 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 HO Completing a Film Review HO Preparing a Book Review Completed Class Locator 08 31 Lect 4 Introduction to Theory Lect 5 Bandura Supplemental Lecture Termpaper Lect 6 Method I Lect 7 Method II Lect 8 Puberty Lect 9 Piaget Lect 11a Social Inform Process Lect 10 Social Cognition Indicates handouts discussed in class Handout Date 08 14 08 14 09 02 09 02 09 06 09 07 09 09 09 13 09 16 09 20 09 26 6 2 Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition Introduction 2 n n We will explore how that general information processing model has been applied to social phenomena specifically aggression Dodge s Social Information Processing SIP model 7 Basic Processes in Dodge s SIP Model n n n n n n Encoding Cues Interpret Cues Formulation of Goals Generate Responses Evaluate Responses Enact a Response 8 The Dodge Model Diagrammatically 9 3 Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition Reactive Aggressors Have history of bickering with peers Have hostile attribution bias n More likely to become angry Short circuit search n n Respond aggressively 10 Aggression Comes in Many Forms 11 Focus on Interpretation attributions influence influence Social cues surrounding harmdoing Attributions about intentionality influence Anger Aggressive response 12 4 Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition Situational Inferences of hostile intent Aggressive Child s Expectancies about Hostile Peer Intent which triggers Aggressive retaliation which leads to Yield to biased scanning of social cues yielding Where oh where shall we start which reinforces Hostile CounterAttack Peer Rejection 13 Strengths Weakness of Dodge s SIP Model n Strengths n Useful in predicting aggressive responding n Highlights variables that are important in changing behavior n Dynamic Weakness o Not developmental o Does not explicitly deal with emotions 14 Lecture Resources Damon W Hart D 1992 Self understanding and its role in social and moral development In M H Bornstein M E Lamb Eds Developmental psychology An advanced textbook 3 rd ed pp 421 464 Hillsdale NJ Erlbaum Shaffer D R 2000 Social personality development 4 th ed Belmont CA Wadsworth 15 5 Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition Introduction To Social Cognition Variety of topics that could be dealt with including how we acquire a sense of self self esteem person perception how we acquire a sense of the other including role taking skills egocentrism other aspects of social perspective taking We ll highlight most of these today Coordinates with pp 156 157 of chpt 4 and the first part of chpt 5 Next Identity Lecture 11b 16 17 Some Definitions n n Social cognition How we mentally represent and process information about our social worlds How do these conception influence our overt social behavior n Social cognition might be viewed at the mediating link between our socialization experiences and our social behavior Social cognitions are effected by socialization and in turn Social Social Socialization Cognition affect social behavior Behavior 18 6 Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition Developing A Sense Of Self Historical conceptual perspectives n Margaret Mahler likens newborn to a chick in an egg n Cooley and Mead turn of century symbolic interactionists The looking glass self 19 20 So this is the looking glass self You re predictable 21 7 Psychology 1230 Hartmann Lecture 10 Social Cognition Developing A Sense Of Self More historical conceptual perspectives Mead Baldwin One can know what the individual thinks about the self if one knows what one thinks about others the similarity assumption 22 Developing A Sense Of Self Historical conceptual perspectives continued n William James I the active self the knower and me the objective or known self I ME 23 Self Esteem n Self esteem affectively tinged self evaluations Susan Harter 1999 n n Elementary school children have differentiated and relatively stable sense of self in peer academic behavioral and physically related senses of self Young adults have a still more differentiated sense of self 24 8 Psychology 1230


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