TAMU PSYC 107 - Review for students (3 pages)

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Review for students



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Review for students

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Pages:
3
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Psyc 107 - Intro To Psychology
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1 PSYC 302 Final Exam Review Sheet Spring 2018 Know definitions and application of all terms Chapters 1 2 Science Producers and consumers of research 4 scientific cycles Definition of research methods empirical objective parsimony confederate control 8 characteristics of science 5 working assumptions of science Law vs research question vs hypothesis vs theory definition and application What makes a good theory falsifiable tentative etc Basic vs Applied vs Translational Research Ways of knowing what are they which ones are empirical limitations of them Confounds see notes for chapter 5 conceptual operational definitions Pitfalls of intuition pop up principle cherry picking the evidence present present bias Chapter 7 Sampling Definitions Sample population sampling frame best way to randomly sample Probability vs nonprobability sampling Uncontrolled Haphazard Intercept Purposive Convenience sampling Simple random stratified random cluster multi stage sampling Oversampling snowball sampling Chapter 5 Measurement Definition of variable measurement reliability validity confound see text ch 1 IV DV Identify IV DV confound extraneous variable 5 levels of measurement be able to identify the kind of variable e g continuous and scale of measurement e g ordinal Definition and application of 4 types of reliability Definition and application of 4 types of test validity Error random and systematic Relationship between reliability and validity Chapters 3 11 Research Validity Conceptual vs operational definitions 3 claims frequency association causal Definition of 4 research validities 3 threats of external validity role demands experimenter bias and double blind study threats to the 4 research validities Identify confounds threats to internal validity design confound selection effect order effect maturation history regression to the mean attrition mortality testing instrumentation observer bias demand characteristics placebo effect relationship between internal and external validity solutions to role demands experimenter bias 2 Chapter 9 10 Experiments definition of true experiment relative to a quasi experiment or non experiment definition identification of confederate protocol pilot study methodological rigor manipulation check what is it why is it important how is it included in an experiment recognition of a manipulation check in study random sampling vs random assignment and purpose for each within vs between subjects designs definition and advantages and disadvantages of each Identify designs based on info about pretest posttest and control groups why pretest and what do you do if there are differences on the pretest Matching 2 requirements for matching the purpose for matching and disadvantages Most desirable results for a pretest posttest design with 1 control 1 experimental group Solomon four group design Designs to avoid post test only one group pretest post test design Order vs sequence effects Counterbalancing reverse counterbalancing block randomization Latin square design Definition examples of control method of difference considering the research setting a preparation instrumenting the response statistical control nuisance variables standardization reducing bias direct vs systematic replication 5 general control strategies Lab vs field studies 2 major differences advantages disadvantages 3 conditions for causality Statistical vs practical significance Chapter 12 Definition identification of factorial design moderators enhancers and inhibitors Identify design e g 4x2 and of conditions cells number of possible outcomes How is ANOVA different from similar to a t test Definition and identification of main effect and interaction numbers and graphs Relationship between main effect and interaction and how to interpret them Marginal means Independent groups between subjects factorial designs Within groups within subjects factorial designs Mixed factorial designs synergistic interaction antagonistic interaction ordinal disordinal interaction ceiling floor effect Moderation vs mediation Chapter 13 Quasi Experiments Definition of quasi experimental design nonexperiment delayed control group design interrupted time series design multiple time series design repeated treatment design Comparison differences between true experiments quasi experiments and nonexperiments Definition and desired results for anon equivalent control group design most interpretable designs 3 Chapter 8 Cross sectional and Longitudinal designs Program Evaluation Cross sectional vs longitudinalvs cross sequential designs Definition of developmental trend cohort effect cohort secular trend time lag effect Program evaluation definition steps to conduct and sources of resistance to program evaluation Chapter 6 Surveys Observational Research Anonymous vs confidential How to design a questionnaire steps involved 2 types of questions advantages of each Semantic differential forced choice leading questions double barreled questions double negatives biased samples How to write survey items and response options Likert scales Response styles vs response sets socially desirable responding self deception vs impression management Administering the questionnaires pros and cons for each survey administration method Typical response rates for each format Chapter 6 Observational Designs 4 forms of observation on a continuum from least intrusive reactive to most intrusive reactive characteristics of observational research and best practices pointers observer bias inductive vs deductive methods physical trace Chapter 8 Correlational Designs Definition of correlational research archival research case study pilot study outlier statistically significant advantages and disadvantages of archival research Manifest vs latent content analysis Chapter 13 Meta analysis Definition of meta analysisbox score method file drawer problem publication bias d and r effects sizes how to interpret each and benchmarks for doing so Chapter 4 Ethics Key historical events that led to the generation of ethical guidelines and principles 3 guiding principles of the Belmont Report 5 APA general ethical principles fraud and replication Ethical principles who do they apply to what to do when there are conflicts how much stress is ethical authorship Informed consent debrief deception Animal rights vs animal welfare Speciesism Stanford Prison Experiment


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