TAMU PSYC 107 - Learning (5 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2 of 5 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Learning



Previewing pages 1, 2 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Learning

141 views


Pages:
5
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Psyc 107 - Intro To Psychology

Unformatted text preview:

1 What is learning a Defined The acquisition of new knowledge skills or responses form experience that result in a relatively permanent change in the state of the learner 4 main types of learning o Classical conditioning Defined when a neutral stimulus evokes a response after being paired with a stimulus that naturally evokes that response Ivan Pavlov Won the Nobel prize in 1904 for his research on salivation in dogs Key Terminology Unconditional Stimulus US o A stimulus that reliably produces a naturally occurring reaction in an organism a stimulus that elicits a response without prior learning Unconditioned response UR o A reflexive reaction that is reliably produced by an unconditioned stimulus a response that does not have to be learned Conditioned Stimulus CS o A stimulus that is initially neutral and produces no reliable response in an organism until after an association has been learned Conditioned response CR o A reaction that resembles an unconditioned response but is produced by a conditioned stimulus a response that has been learned Watson s Little Albert Behaviorism No need to talk about inner mental processes thinking reasoning Watson s Famous Quote 1928 hahaha The nature nurture debate revisited tabula rasa Generalization and Discrimination Generalization the CR is ovserved even though the CS is slightly different from the original CS o Santa s beard produces a CR that similar to the CR produced by the rat Discrimination The capacity to distinguish between similar but distinct stimuli o Santa s beard produces a CR that is weaker than the CR produced by the rat Two sides of the same coin the more generalization the less discrimination CC o Operant instrumental Conditioning Thorndike s Law of Effect Behaviors leading to good outcomes are more likely to be repeated those leading to bad outcomes are less so OC a type of learning in which the consequences influence the likelihood that a behavior will be repeated in the future B Reinforcement and Punishment



View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Learning and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Learning and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?