UW-Madison KINES 100 - Diabetes (2 pages)

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Diabetes



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Diabetes

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Lecture number:
27
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Course:
Kines 100 - Exercise, Nutrition, and Health
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

Kines100 Exercise health nutrition Last Lecture Outline 1 Bone and the nutrients 2 Bone Health Lecture 27 Current Lecture 1 Diabetes 2 Aging Diabetes Hyperglycemia After we eat insulin regulates our blood sugar Type one juvenile onset failure of pancreas to make insulin excessive thirst hunger and urination 10 of diabetic population treated with insulin injections Type two adult onset insulin resistance linked with obesity treatment lose weight most people are undiagnosed Diabetes prevalence 5 10 of diabetes population have type 1 90 95 have Type 2 Diabetes has tripled over the last 30 years 33 6 of population is undiagnosed or pre diabetic Concerns foot eye kidney nerve gum and disease problems hyper hypoglycemia depression heart attack heart disease blindness Diabetic costs are 2 3 times the amount of regular health insurance 8 75 of total health care costs come from diabetes Problem of Type 2 diabetes not an insulin availability issues at least primarily more of a problem at the receptor sites fat muscle cells level glucose intolerance insulin resistance leads to atherosclerosis Role of exercise and exercise prescription single bout of exercise increases receptor site activity 48 72hrs recommended to exercises 5 days a week for 45 60 minutes low resistance high frequency exercise such as walking Waist girth and risk of Type 2 diabetes risk increases directly with waist girth 80 of men who developed type 2 diabetes had a waist girth of greater than 37 inches Prevention 85 of T2 could be prevented regular exercise moderate diet weight loss 5 7 weight loss in pre diabetics lowers diabetes onset by 60 Typical American Aging From 30 on maximum heart rate drops by 1 beat per year VO2 max drops by 1 mL kg min year Blood pressure increases by a mmHg each year muscle mass decreases by one pound per a year fat mass increases by one pound per year lung capacity vision hearing etc decreases each year Typical vs True aging true aging impact when studied separate from all



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