UT Arlington PSYC 3301 - Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 4 (13 pages)

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Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 4



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Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 4

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Pages:
13
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 3301 - Psychology of Humans

Unformatted text preview:

9 15 2014 CHAPTER 4 Self and Personality Personality Personality The specific pattern of traits and dispositions that make each of each unique as a person and different from others The consistent expression of our traits and dispositions across time and across situations in ways that make our behavior predictable and familiar to those who know us 1 9 15 2014 Major approaches to personality The trait approach the search for basic traits Allport cardinal traits central traits secondary traits Adult personality traits the Big Five The social learning approach The humanistic approach The cognitive approach Mischel s person variables Traits are hierarchically structured trait habit pattern specific surface behavior Conscientiousness Attention to detail Punctuality On time for appointments Never late to work Doesn t leave loose ends Orderliness Puts finishing touches on projects Computer files are organized into folders Closets at home are organized 2 9 15 2014 Major approaches to personality The trait approach the search for basic traits Allport cardinal traits central traits secondary traits Adult personality traits the Big Five The social learning approach The humanistic approach The cognitive approach Mischel s person variables Gordon Allport The father of personality psychology Cardinal traits Central traits Secondary traits 3 9 15 2014 Major approaches to personality The trait approach the search for basic traits Allport cardinal traits central traits secondary traits Adult personality traits the Big Five The social learning approach The humanistic approach The cognitive approach Mischel s person variables The Big Five personality factors Factor Characteristics Extraversion Sociable versus retiring fun loving versus sober affectionate versus reserved Agreeableness Softhearted versus ruthless trusting versus suspicious helpful versus uncooperative Conscientiousness Well organized versus disorganized careful versus careless self disciplined versus weak willed



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