UT Arlington PSYC 3301 - Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 8 (10 pages)

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Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 8



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Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 8

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Pages:
10
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 3301 - Psychology of Humans

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10 15 2014 CHAPTER 8 Group Behavior and Influence What is a group A group is a collection of two or more individuals who interact together share common goals see themselves as a group group identification Group identification is important It gives us a sense of identity It can affect our motivation 1 10 15 2014 Motivation in groups social loafing Social loafing in the context of additive tasks When do we loaf the most task interest value choice knowledge of other group members size and gender composition of group cultural context Why do we loaf identifiability perception that one s contributions are not rewarded not needed and or are too costly Karau and Williams collective effort model Counteracting social loafing increased accountability task perceived as unique or challenging group pride external rewards social compensation Social loafing some ways to overcome it Factors that increase loafing Lack of identifiability No individual evaluation No individual or group standards of evaluation Task is easy boring or the same as others Individual contributions are not necessary No individual or group incentives Large group Unfamiliar group Factors that reduce loafing Individual identifiability Individual or group evaluation Individual or group standards of evaluation Task is difficult interesting or different from others Individual contributions are essential Individual or group incentives Small group Familiar group 2 10 15 2014 Motivation in groups social facilitation Social facilitation Arousal model if the dominant responses are correct performance is enhanced if the dominant responses are incorrect performance is impaired Simple versus complex tasks Well learned versus poorly learned tasks Evaluation model evaluation can create evaluation apprehension and also serve as source of distraction Distraction model the need to monitor other people and what they are doing Zajonc s cockroach experiment 3 10 15 2014 Brainstorming creativity in groups Osborn 1953 Four basic



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