UT Arlington PSYC 3301 - Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 12 (11 pages)

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Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 12



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Lecture PowerPoint Chapter 12

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Pages:
11
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 3301 - Psychology of Humans
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11 18 2014 Chapter 12 Interpersonal Relations Relationships and Work Interpersonal attraction liking and friendship Propinquity and familiarity Attractive features Intelligence personality looks talent possessions The what is beautiful is good stereotype The beauty is on the inside effect The pay advantage of physical attractiveness The matching hypothesis in partner selection 1 11 18 2014 Interpersonal attraction liking and friendship Propinquity and familiarity Attractive features Intelligence personality looks talent possessions The what is beautiful is good stereotype The beauty is on the inside effect The pay advantage of physical attractiveness The matching hypothesis in partner selection 2 11 18 2014 Interpersonal attraction liking and friendship Similarity and interpersonal attraction Assortative mating on age race religious affiliation SES education interests sexual attitudes background and some personality traits Do opposites attract The complementarity notion Love different theoretical perspectives Reinforcement affect model Byrne and Clore Exchange versus communal relationships Clark and Mills Short term equity is important in exchange relationships Only long term equity is important in communal relationships Liking versus loving strong need for affiliation desire to help and benefit the other sense of exclusiveness passion 3 11 18 2014 Love different theoretical perspectives Passionate love appropriate and desirable love object beliefs and expectations about love heightened level of emotional arousal example The Dutton and Aron scary bridge study When love turns to anger the arousal re attribution hypothesis From passionate love to companionate love An integrative perspective Sternberg s love dimensions passion intimacy decision commitment Passionate love a three factor model Presence of an appropriate and attractive individual Cultural beliefs and expectations about love Passionate Love Physiological arousal that is interpreted and labeled as love 4 11 18 2014 Dutton and Aron s 1974 Two Bridges study Walk on the high suspension bridge Walk on the low stable bridge Height induces fast heart rate Heart rate is normal not elevated Encounter the attractive woman Encounter the attractive woman High heart rate seems to indicate attraction No heightened arousal to misattribute as attraction to her 60 use the number and call her back Only 30 use her number to call her back Love different theoretical perspectives Passionate love appropriate and desirable love object beliefs and expectations about love heightened level of emotional arousal example The Dutton and Aron scary bridge study When love turns to anger the arousal re attribution hypothesis From passionate love to companionate love An integrative perspective Sternberg s love dimensions passion intimacy decision commitment 5 11 18 2014 Love Sternberg s 1987 perspective Love Components Type of Love Passion Intimacy Commitment Liking No Yes No Infatuation Yes No No Romantic Yes Yes No Companionate No Yes Yes Consummate Yes Yes Yes Romance in the workplace Office romances The proximity factor Trading attributes youth and beauty for education status resources age Mixed motives love motivation ego motivation job motivation Romance and job performance plusses and minuses Guidelines for handling workplace romance 6 11 18 2014 Job romance three basic motives Partners Motives Relationship Frequency Male Female Love ego Love ego Passionate love 36 Male Female Love Love Companionate love 23 Male Female Ego Ego Fling 19 Male Female Ego job Love job Male dominated utilitarian 8 Male Female Ego Ego job Female dominated utilitarian 14 Romance in the workplace Office romances The proximity factor Trading attributes youth and beauty for education status resources age Mixed motives love motivation ego motivation job motivation Romance and job performance plusses and minuses Guidelines for handling workplace romance 7 11 18 2014 Romance in the workplace Sexual harassment Five categories gender harassment seductive behaviors sexual bribery sexual coercion sexual assault Widely varying estimates 35 to 90 per cent only 10 per cent reported Range of perceived harassment 5 to 36 per cent in different work environments Consequences of sexual harassment low job satisfaction psychological problems health problems absenteeism desire to leave the job Romance in the workplace Sexual harassment The organizational climate the gender context the tolerance context ambient sexual harassment Dealing with sexual harassment about 75 of companies have a written policy Typical outcomes 80 reprimand 20 firing Clear policy statement procedures for filing and acting on complaints procedures to protect privacy and confidentiality use of third parties procedures for fact finding and action counseling prevention 8 11 18 2014 Work and family relationships Dual career couples Distribution of household chores Stress mental and physical health concerns daycare guilt Job sharing Marital status and quality of life married couples versus singles Social support mutual monitoring of health concerns More stable lives with fewer risks Less loneliness Exceptions distressed marriages extreme lifestyles unusual job demands Work and family relationships Single parents extra demands About 6 of the workforce are single parents Extra demands divorced or widowed status reduced income added responsibilities and stress lack of social support time constraints child care issues Solutions after school programs single partner support groups flex time telecommuting job sharing Work and home the spillover effect 9 11 18 2014 Aggression at work destructive relationships Homicides are the number one cause of death at work jealous husbands disgruntled employees rapes theft About 15 of all violent crime occurs in the workplace The causes of violence frustration failure to achieve a desired goal stress personal conflicts anger and hostility Need to appraise the situation Need to evaluate one s options Talking things out Eliminating injustice in the workplace Bosses from heaven Anger management training Aggression at work destructive relationships Personal characteristics and violence The cultural socialization of males History of violence and acting out Emotional reactivity volatility Poor impulse control Low level of mental development 10 11 18 2014 Aggression at work destructive relationships Controlling violence Screening for aggressive tendencies Training in handling interpersonal conflicts


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