Lecture 9 (6 pages)

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Lecture 9



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Lecture 9

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Lecture number:
9
Pages:
6
School:
University of Southern California
Course:
Ir 369 - Contemporary European International Relations

Unformatted text preview:

Lecture 9 Henry Kissinger Kissinger born in between wars in Germany he was Jewish became illegal for Jewish children to play with non jewish kids and all his friends were joining Hitler s youth so his family immigrated to New York leaving behind their elderly parents who were later killed in the Holocaust This shaped his childhood and he realized how politics could so intensely effect lives Decided to devote himself fully to his new homeland served in the army went to Harvard undergraduate thesis still legendary he became faculty at Stanford and then was summoned to the white house Worked closely with Nixon as secretary of state had complicated personal relationship because competitive Kissinger lent hand out to Communist China hoping china would put pressure on Vietnamese to end war REALIST what really matters is balance of powers the US does not base its policy solely on Moscow s good intentions We seek regardless of we must oppose aggressive actions but we must not seek confrontations lightly We must maintain a strong national defense while recognizing that in the nuclear age the relationship between military strength and politically usable power is the most complex in all history Kissinger shaped foreign policy through Nixon s presidency Ford kept him on after Watergate scandal Decline of D tente o At the initiative of Senator Henry Scoop Jackson of Washington in 1973 75 Congress attacked what it viewed as Kissinger s lack of interest in American ideals o He co authored Jackson Vanik amendment stipulating that improved trade ties should be linked to improved performance on human rights issues Stalin opposed this amendment Helsinki Final Act CSCE 1975 30 July and 1 august 1975 Signing of the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe CSCE in Helsinki Finland Something signed by countries on both sides of the iron curtain first thing There was never a peace conference after WWII Soviet had gained control of most of eastern Europe Because of



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