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USC IR 369 - Lecture 11 - 1989

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Sarotte=international history-events that have significance beyond bordersCold war= Warsaw pact vs NATOBerlin wall down, November 9th, 1989East german govt held press conference this night and in the room were foreign reporters (including Tom Brochav), and the guy making the announcement in the press conference was only supposed to mention slight change in East germans and visas; not that the borders were to be opened. This news got to TVs and east germans came to walls and the border guards had no instructions so they let people in and once this footage got out; the wall started slowly coming down. Cold war order in Europe thus collapsed; what next?Berba Bolai=mother of east german revolutionBottom up approach of activism; but do not get to shape world order; the heavyweight politicians came forwardWhat interested sarotte was the day afterWhat happens when the cameras go downWhen you’re forced to create a new political orderLike today in TunisiaConduct of US foreign policy“..leaders who saw their chance acted with skill, speed, and regard for the dignity of the Soviet union”“..even two decades later it is hard to see hwo the process of German unification could have been handled any better”very congratulated literature to the USSarotte realized literature around this topic was actually false, when she went to research in order to further prove what had been writtenAfter doing research in all those places, sarotte realized that the facts did not support what previous authors had writtenSarotte bookWhy was there disconnect between revolutions from below and above? (activists and politicians)Actors in all countries used the language of architecture to conceptualize their understanding of events and policyShe kept seeing architectural phrases again and again (as metaphors for countries, create a “blank home”, a “roof”)Suggests understanding of 1989-90 as competition between alternative architecturesRestoration, Revivalism, Heroism, PrefabRestoration: restore year 1945, four victors in charge, say 1989 was end of WWII hold ‘WWII peace conference”East German IdeaArchitecture:Revivalism: revive Germanic confederation from previous centuries, but between just two statesArchitecture: Take older structures and update it for present useWest German ideaHeroism: Ambitious but ill-defined plan to unite Europe from Atlantic to PacificGorbechev: Why don’t you merge NATO and Warsaw pact. Why doesn’t Soviet Union just join NATOArchitecture:Prefab: Take prefabricated structures from Cold War western europes and duplicate them in the east (expand NATO, EC,DM)Architecture: Take prefabricated design and duplicate itEnd of USSRAt the end of 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to existThe independent regions had by then withdrawn from soviet union, remaining instead in a loose confederation of independent states, whose inter-relations are still being definedGorbechev went into retirement disgruntled and largely forgottenHe ahd to have his 80th bday in London because he is SO disliked in Russia1989← Sarotte=international history-events that have significance beyond borders← Cold war= Warsaw pact vs NATO← Berlin wall down, November 9th, 1989- East german govt held press conference this night and in the room were foreign reporters (including Tom Brochav), and the guy makingthe announcement in the press conference was only supposed to mention slight change in East germans and visas; not that the borders were to be opened. This news got to TVs and east germanscame to walls and the border guards had no instructions so they let people in and once this footage got out; the wall started slowly coming down. Cold war order in Europe thus collapsed; what next?- Berba Bolai=mother of east german revolution- Bottom up approach of activism; but do not get to shape world order; the heavyweight politicians came forward- What interested sarotte was the day afteroWhat happens when the cameras go downoWhen you’re forced to create a new political orderoLike today in Tunisia← Conduct of US foreign policy- “..leaders who saw their chance acted with skill, speed, and regard for the dignity of the Soviet union”- “..even two decades later it is hard to see hwo the process of German unification could have been handled any better”overy congratulated literature to the USoSarotte realized literature around this topic was actually false, when she went to research in order to further prove what had been written- After doing research in all those places, sarotte realized that the facts did not support what previous authors had written← Sarotte book- Why was there disconnect between revolutions from below and above? (activists and politicians)- Actors in all countries used the language of architecture to conceptualize their understanding of events and policy- She kept seeing architectural phrases again and again (as metaphors for countries, create a “blank home”, a “roof”)- Suggests understanding of 1989-90 as competition between alternative architectures- Restoration, Revivalism, Heroism, PrefaboRestoration: restore year 1945, four victors in charge, say 1989 was end of WWII hold ‘WWII peace conference” East German IdeaArchitecture: oRevivalism: revive Germanic confederation from previous centuries, but between just two statesArchitecture: Take older structures and update it for present useWest German ideaoHeroism: Ambitious but ill-defined plan to unite Europe from Atlantic to PacificGorbechev: Why don’t you merge NATO and Warsaw pact. Why doesn’t Soviet Union just join NATOArchitecture:oPrefab: Take prefabricated structures from Cold War western europes and duplicate them in the east (expand NATO, EC,DM)Architecture: Take prefabricated design and duplicate itEnd of USSR- At the end of 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist- The independent regions had by then withdrawn from soviet union, remaining instead in a loose confederation of independent states, whose inter-relations are still being defined- Gorbechev went into retirement disgruntled and largely forgottenoHe ahd to have his 80th bday in London because he is SO disliked in RussiaGOING on in Tunisia and Egypt right now←16/11/2011 03:37:00←16/11/2011


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