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USC IR 369 - Lecture 5 - WWII

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Hitler’s WarIdealofical war of genocideDifferent than WWI bc role of ideologyShaped by Hitler’s goalsIf Hitler died in 1930 accident, war would have been much differentWithout HitlerStill military control of Germany but no NaziMay not have been Pearl Harbor, or war in pacificState of isreal, holocaust gave great impotous to its creationGreater moral compass bc not aware of how low our species can sinkBelieved in war and the white race1936 remilitarized the Rhine;and1938 annexed home country Austria1939 invaded czecholsovankia1939 invaded Polandstep too far for the rest, they had tolerated the other invasionskept thinking well if he gets this country hell be satisfied, but upon Polish invasion France and Britain realized he would never be satisfied and declared war on Germany1940 conquered low countries and FranceTanks made the difference, got him to France quickly enoughMay9 –June 17 1940: plan orange; the fall of FranceHitler assumed he would run Great BritainDidn’t happen thanks to Winston ChurchillHitler thought he was a masiah and that he didn’t have to play by normal rules, he had people to refer to him as the greatest war leader of all time…in the end may have been his greatest downfall; failed to pay attention to detailsChurchill’s war: 1940-1941Central goalSurvive long enough to convince US to enter warDrew on all of his diplomatic skills and fact that he was half AmericanContacted everyone he knew in US to get them involvedPearl Harbor was a happy day for himTalented propagandist, fabulous oratorMade sure he had resources to avoid sea board invasionBattle of BritainBritish defense of homeland from Nazis after the fall of FranceDeclared war on Russia: SURPRISEStalin’s War: 1941-1944His goals:survive betrayal by Nazi Allies and invasion, 22 june 1941 (operation Barbarossa)Stalin naively believed that Hitler would stick to their promise and not attack RussiaRepel Germans from soviet territoryConvince British and American leaders to open a second front in EuropeSo much ground fighting for so long that the soviet deaths exceeded the west’s deathsWhy did Hitler attack Russia over Britain??He thought Britain wanted Russia to get into the war when they in fact wanted the USThey thought Britain was going to surrenderThey thought it would be easy to defeat Russia because Slavs were inferior to GermansHe wanted to get everything over with fast so he could enjoy is “world”PROBLEM FOR HITLER: It’s a long way to Russia and its cold, Nazis didn’t get to Moscow in time and their army was demobilized.Soviet Union survives because of severe weather, poorly planned attack, and willingness to resistSoviet had the greatest loss 20 million deadRoosevelts War, 1941-1945Merged two wars (allied land war in Europe, solo naval war in Asia) into one warEmerged victorious, leaving US stronger at the end than at the beginning of conflictsRoosevelt always wanted to enter the war, saw it as best for long term US, however popular sentiment said other wise so the attack on Pearl Harbor allowed him to finally enter the warAfter pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the USThe big 3: Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin ALLIESStalin had been fighting Hitler alone in the east, so the second he had allies (US and Britain), he pleaded them to start fighting the war in the west; to open a second frontStrategy: use Britain has worlds biggest aircraft carrier so US could prepare to invade western Europe (wasn’t until 1944)NORMANDYBig goal was to retake Pairs, which they did by august 25th, 1944What to do about the Holocaust; once there were US troops on the ground in western Europe, could they have been quicker in helping the holocaust? Huge debateRacism in the US as well: Japs put into camps in the US and even Japanese who were American citizensUS govt has since apologized400,000 deadRoosevelt was said to be the only one who knew what he was doing at the top of this war, as apparent by death tollStart of the Atomic AgeIn 1939: Refugee scientists knowing that Nazis were trying to split the atom, urge the west to do soUsing expertise of euro scientists, US begins work on Manhattan projectBy july 1945, have produced first atomic bombRoosevelt did not live to see this success, died in April 1945Truman, Roosevelts vice president who took over office after his death, didn’t know that there was an atomic bomb (Roosevelt hadn’t mentioned it to him). Other officials had to tell him that he was now in charge of the worlds most dangerous bomb to dateRoosevelt was VERY canny, and an amazing strategist, reasons why he didn’t tell Truman about the bomb…unknown whether he actually wanted to use the bomb on people or just use it has a bargaining tool. Truman concluded that Roosevelt would not have built it if he didn’t want to use itRESULT: Heroshima, immediately killed 50,000sHeat so strong, it incinerated human beingsUse of the Atomic BombMilitary considrsations?Racial considerations?Political considerations?Discussion sections: was use of weapon of mass destruction justified?COLOR OF SHIRT???WWIIHitler’s War- Idealofical war of genocide- Different than WWI bc role of ideology- Shaped by Hitler’s goals- If Hitler died in 1930 accident, war would have been much differentoWithout Hitler Still military control of Germany but no NaziMay not have been Pearl Harbor, or war in pacificState of isreal, holocaust gave great impotous to its creationGreater moral compass bc not aware of how low our species can sink- Believed in war and the white race- 1936 remilitarized the Rhine;and- 1938 annexed home country Austria- 1939 invaded czecholsovankia- 1939 invaded Polandostep too far for the rest, they had tolerated the other invasionsokept thinking well if he gets this country hell be satisfied, but upon Polish invasion France and Britain realized he would never be satisfied and declared war on Germany- 1940 conquered low countries and FranceoTanks made the difference, got him to France quickly enoughoMay9 –June 17 1940: plan orange; the fall of France- Hitler assumed he would run Great BritainoDidn’t happen thanks to Winston Churchill- Hitler thought he was a masiah and that he didn’t have to play by normal rules, he had people to refer to him as the greatest war leader of all time…in the end may have been his greatest downfall; failed to pay attention to details← Churchill’s war: 1940-1941- Central goaloSurvive long enough to convince US to enter


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