Lecture 1 - IR theories (6 pages)

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Lecture 1 - IR theories



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View Full Document

Lecture 1 - IR theories

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Lecture number:
1
Pages:
6
School:
University of Southern California
Course:
Ir 369 - Contemporary European International Relations

Unformatted text preview:

IR theories 16 11 2011 03 03 00 Pearl Harbor 9 11 Surprise attack On American soil US unprepared Significant loss in life Pearl harbor not 9 11 Pearl harbor o Nation state behind attack o Military target o Multipolar world o News spread by radio o Joined allies in war 9 11 o terrorist cell behind attack non state actor o civilian and military targets o unipolar world o turned down allied offers to help in war o news spread by television power of images o surprise only actors were able to bring down twin towers realists cared about who caused it Components of a theory Actors individuals people and states and or institutions Incentives money Power prestige Actions what can actors do to get what they want Constraints international system norms simply saying its not OK is that enough resources not attacking because we simple don t have the resources other actors Outcomes foreign policies wars sanctions strategies What makes theory good o Coherence can you explain it to others o Generalizability o Plausibility do assumptions accord with reality o Testability confirm or disprove this o Accuracy does it actually explain what s going on Realism Exist in a an unchanging world of anarchy States only actors not UN or WTO Interested only in survival security and sovereignty All actions aimed at securing the above in an anarchic world Most important level international domestic politics of a country don t really matter only what they can project into an international agenda Outcome strong military low tolerance for external influence into your own affairs willingness to use force defensive trade policy Pessimistic view of human nature Balance of power a world power emerges other countries ally against it to bring it down and this continues over and over Classical realists Hobbes Liberalism Even in a world of anarchy there can be change and cooperation value cooperation see you can achieve more in cooperation than on your own Primary actors are states but there are other actors



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