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paleolithic
stone age old 4,000 to 10,000 bc hunter gathers tended to be nomadic
neolithic
about 10,000 bc new stone development of agriculture climate changes occur warmer temp domestication of animals
components of a civ
well established communities leaders to run the communtites social classes dev of spirituality
Summerians
1st group 3200-2340 BC have zigguart in the middle epic of Gilgemesh
Akkadians
Known for being great warriars Sargon was the "leader" probably not good in the diplomatic side
Babylonians
Defeated Akkadians easily larger civ has holy sites Fewer invasions has good bureaucratic rulers has Hammurabi as one of their leaders
Code of Hammurabi
universal meaning-all under the same law centralized the is king is number 1 the state is responsible for everone permit punshiment due process ofl aw
bride wealth
the men pay throught money or wealth to marry the girl
True or false? The first intermediate period in Egyptian history, which began around 2200, has been accounted for purely due to external factors like a 150 year drought?
True
the new kingdom of Egypt(1567-1085) was the fourth in a long succession of Egyptian kingdoms to focus on conscious imperialism.
False
Because of their advanced nautical technologies, historians suspect the Hittie peoples to be descendants of the Sea ppl.
false
The hebre ppl were led of slavery in Egypt by moses in the Biblical exodus story.
True
Guilds, the ancient near- Easter predecessors to today's unions, were first established by the Assyrians.
false
mesopotamians share the Semitic language
true
cuneifore is an example of ideograpic writing
true
the ka was a contract btw pharaoh and his subject
false
the epic of Gilgamesh wase hyksos in t written by th he first intermediate period
false
the Egyptians had pretty kinglets and city states because the nature of their geography
false
cuneiform
Mesopotamia's societies writing were called these. the scribes are ideogram symbols "ideas"
religion in mesopotamia
polythesim society anthropomorphic-shape of a human had higher gods than other othergods
egypt
had indo-european group
old kingdom
6700-2200 pyramid were built by ppl who were willing to build pave roads believed that the pyramids shape was stairway to heaven had a 150 yr drought
pharaoh
leader in egypt
nomarch/nomes
ppl who a re responsbile of certain areas in egypt
ka
spirit
Ma'at
Pharaoh will continue to rule his ppls through truth, justice and harmony towards his ppl
2nd intermediate period
1652-1567 hica adopted all of the egyptians ways hica bring broze which the egyptians use
new kingdom
1567-1085 wide spread slavery military imperliasm
hatshepsut
1503-1468 female pharaoh domestic building
RamseyII
1279-1213 he lived to be 80-90 yrs old had over 100 sons
society and culture in egypt
women were kind of equal. however men still held domiancy
society and culture in mesopotamia
women were not equal to men. women were property
hitties
2000-1200 Indo European had council of elders did not dev their own lang picked up cuniform writing and hieroglyphics.
Council of elders
20-30 of elders advise the kings
protectorate
near a capital to protect it such as a son to be near but as far also as far away
vassal
usually farther aways gives rules to a person as long as the person does not create a war
Phillistines
create city states around 1200 BC Domesticate animals david and Goliath
Phonecians
great sea tech Ships Maybe sea ppl? Invented ABC
Saul
1020 BC Bring 12 tribes together 1020 BC tries to take over Palliestine but Saul commits suicide bcuz of defeat
David
1000-971 Make Jerusalism a political and religious capital when he beats Philistine
covenant
agreement btw god and his ppl. as long as you live by the rules and are loyal to god, you are saved
YHWH
creater of all things
Salam
Son of david, rules from 1791- 1731 Makes a temple Ark of a coventa which contains the 10 commandments.
Guild
When a member dies ppl would take care of the remaining ppl
Assyrians
create large empire around 1700 Bible refers "land bathe in blood"
assyrians' millitary empire
more war tech than ppl for as long as 1400 AD have full armor suits caterpolt, copper, chariots, archors
library of ninevah
22,0000 clay tablets in the Assyrians society. one of which was Hammurabi code. Also the library had Egyptian scrolls
Medes
604Took over jerusalum and enslaved imortant ppl. expert at astronomy and math
Cyrus the Great
559 took over Babylon at 550 BC when Chaldeans were there Frees all the hebrews that were slaves Rebuilds the hebrew temple
zoroastianism
dualism 2 principle gods
ahuramazda
good god
ahriman
bad god
satrapy
is a unit
satrap
governor
Cambyses
530-522 tries to take egypt in 525 when he dies his sucessor takes over
Darius
5220-486 try to complete Cambyses work
minoans
were isolated and had no enemies knwn for large scale trading empire and economic empire linear A Indo-european Lived by the ocean and have lots of dolphins pottery
Tholos tombs
Tombs "Beehives" where the Minoans buried grave goods
Mycenaean
1600- 1100 linear B writing located in peloponnese
Greek Dark ages
1700-750 not a lot of trade or political Historian we refer to this because their are few written records on this time
homer
writes about the dark ages. Odyesses
Archaic Period
750-500 Forming political and economic period climate is changing and societies are forming
polis
city states that have that have their own laws "tiny countries" Each polis have a religious structure
acropolis
have statues for their god or goddess- polythesim
agora
large open spaces
colonization
it was vital if everyone aceppted everyone could be physical, cultural and economic bring laws, culture hapooens during the archaic period
basileus
king
gerousia
council of elders
ecclesia
have to born in the polis to be a citizin
metropolis
"mother city"
oikist
leader usually merchants who become popular
tyrants
power in unconstitutional way
timocracy
the money you have the more power
Sparta
best military in the Archaic period Becomes the dominant polis largest polis have a military culture
1st messian war
735-715 Spartans enslaved messians agriculture slaves were chained together by their ankles were called Helots- state slaves
2nd messian war
750-650
Athens
have a lot of political problems have a tyrant named draco during this period 621 BC pushes athens to civil war Exhile all the nobles that did not support him
sixth- partner
one sixth of their land is theirs
thetes
free commoners
solon
594 he comes to power undo everything Draco does most famous law "Draco law of Debt" Makes the "Council law of 400"
Cleisthenes
508 Wealthy, tyrant Creates machinery Takes all of Solon's bodies and increases
Council of 500
group chosen by lot and paid for service
strategoi 10
can be reelected indefinitely
Magna graecia
bigger greece
ostracism
vote a name to the council of 500 and each person get a vote to have them leave the polis for life
persian wars
499-479 Persians were able to kill most polis because the greeks did not want to unify
Battle of marathon
490 bc Athenians and the Spartans pair up
Athenian empire (league)
Form the Athenian league Become more imperialistic
Peloponnese 1st war/2nd
460-445 both naval and land battle do have attempt to have peace 2nd Athenian breaks treaty by attacking mMlox a neutral place.
herodotus
farther of history however consider him bad historian because he makes stuff up.
thucdides
scientific history checked his sources tells us if he is using questionable sources. writes about the pwar since he was a commander
sophocles
playwriter
aristophanes
"lysistrate" no sex= no war book/ play
thales
looked at eclipses and tides creduted for making the scientific method
anaximader
looked at the universe and said that it was infinite
sophists
"sophisticated" took money from their students to teach them
socrates
sun the god nothing is absolute spoke to the youth did not take money
Aristotle
384-422 interest was philosophy, as well as cosmolgy gods did not play any role scientific method polis reaches their fullest potential
Hippocrates
father of medicine natural explanation for ilness did not think the gods did it
Hellenistic civ
"greek life" emulated greek
Philip II of Macedon
became king from 359-356 was taken in a raid by Thebes learned greek and greek culture see himself as greek and takes the title as "hegemon"-control
diaspra
scattering hebrew
hapiru
"Hebrew" nomadic tribes
lycorgan regiman
political- 2 kings economic- give lower class land social- everyone including their kings give their children to the military spartan
demos
people
house of song
zoratrism had two gods was similar to judaism
battle of salamis
480 bc naval battle athenian mostly beat it against the persian
battle of chaeronea
ends the classical period 336-323 Philip II was paying other greeks to kill their own kind
delian league
when all the polis comes together so when the persians comes back to attack them they r ready

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