CSU HIST 100 - Portuguese Expansion (3 pages)

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Portuguese Expansion

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Portuguese Expansion


• 1420 Henry the navigator • Spanish expansion • Hernan Cortes • Montezuma • Triangular trade • Middle Passage • Slavery Effects of slavery o Case study: Benin • European Criticism • Price Revolution • Francisco Pissarro

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Colorado State University- Fort Collins
Hist 100 - Western Civilization, Pre-Modern (GT-HI1)
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HIST 100 1st Edition Lecture 14 Portuguese expansion 1420 Henry the navigator o First to venture into Atlantic ocean o 1488 Bartholomeau Dias Round to the cape of good hope Potential mutiny forced him to return o 1498 vasco de gama Reaches India in search of Christians and spices o 1511 Alfonso de Albuquerque Seized city of Malacca Spanish expansion o Christopher Columbus o Pestered Ferdinand and Isabella for money and ships o Crusading indulgences funded exploration o Thought he could reach India o Within decades it was revealed he discovered a new continent o Vasco de balboa discovered pacific ocean 1513 o Ferdinand Magellan sailed states of Magellan 1519 1521 Hernan Cortes o 1519 marched to Tenochtitlan o Only 550 troops 16 horses Montezuma o Thought Cortes to be Quetzalcoatl o The other Spaniards to be gods o Took he city hostage but locals revolted and killed many Spanish o Smallpox had already been introduced Triangular trade o Sugar o Tabaco o Cotton to Europe o Textiles o Rum o Manufactured goods to Africa o Slaves to America middle passage Middle Passage o Stage of the triangular trade in which millions of people form Africa shipped to new world These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Slavery o Throughout history o Portuguese replaced European with African 1450s 1000 slaves taken to Portugal each year Once new world discovered it increased need Sugar introduced to Europe during crusades American slaves decimated from disease 1518 first ship with slaves from Africa to America Peaked in 18th century o Effects of slavery Political violence and warfare Maintain constant supply of slaves o Case study Benin Culturally flourishing ravished by war and slave trade Cost faith in god art deteriorated human sacrifice British in late 19th century found corrupt place Took years to rediscover rich cultural history European Criticism o Despite humanitarian intellectuals slavery persisted o Society of friends Quakers in 1770s Criticized the practice o French revolution 1790s abolished in France o 1807 Britain followed suit o Civil war 1860s in America Price Revolution o Unprecedented inflation 16th century Cereal price 8x in certain regions Population growth 1460 1620 Europe s population doubled o More people than food o Most people living on subsistence farming Influences of Spanish silver from New world o Too many people with too much money chasing too few resources Francisco Pissarro o Peru and the Incan Empire o Romans of South America o vast riches o several expeditions o acquired indigenous allies o finally quelled the rebellions vice royalty of Peru Columbian exchange old world to new world vice versa o Old to new black pepper coffee tea mango olives onions watermelon o New to old chili pepper cotton peanut Tabaco tomato potatoes

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