UNT PSYC 4600 - Chapter 3: Physiological Inflences on Psychology (7 pages)

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Chapter 3: Physiological Inflences on Psychology



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Chapter 3: Physiological Inflences on Psychology

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Lecture number:
6
Pages:
7
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psyc 4600 - History and Systems

Unformatted text preview:

PSYC 4600 002 Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I Rene Decartes 1596 1650 a Personal History b His work i Beginnings of modern science 1 Empiricism ii Contributions of Decartes 1 Mind Body problem iii The nature of the body iv The mind body interaction v Doctrine of Ideas II Philosophical foundations of the new psychology a Auguste Comte 1798 1857 i Positivism ii Materialism b British Empiricism i Empiricism definition ii Key Figures 1 John Locke a Sensations and Reflection b Simple Ideas and complex ideas c Theory of learning association d Primary and secondary qualities 2 George Berkeley 3 David Hartley 4 James Mill 5 John Stuart Mill Outline of Current Lecture I David Kinnebrook and his Mistake II Development in Early Psychology a Psych as experimental discipline b Research on Brain Function c Phrenology d Research on the Nervous System e The Mechanistic Spirit These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute III IV V The Beginning of Experimental Psychology a Parent Countries b Universities in England Helmholtz Webber Fechner a Hermann Von Helmholtz i Contributions to the New Psychology b Ernst Webber i Two Point Thresholds ii Just Noticeable Difference c Gustav Theodor Fechner i Mind and Body Quantitative Relationship ii Methods of psychophysics Formal Founding of Psychology Current Lecture o o o o o David Kinnebrook Makes a Mistake The Importance of the Human Observer David Kinnebrook Assistant to Rev Nevil Maskelyne the Royal Astronomer Worked at the Royal Observatory Greenwich England Noted time of Star movements Mistake Integral to the new science of psychology Observations were 5 of a second slower than his boss Errors increased to 8 of a second Was fired Errors in observations of stars 20 years later Bessel investigated Kinnebrook s errors Noticed personal equation 2 conclusions Astronomy affected by the human observer Human observer is important to all



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