UNT PSYC 4600 - Chapter 2- Philosophical Influences on Psychology pt. 1 (4 pages)

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Chapter 2- Philosophical Influences on Psychology pt. 1



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Chapter 2- Philosophical Influences on Psychology pt. 1

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Lecture number:
4
Pages:
4
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psyc 4600 - History and Systems

Unformatted text preview:

PSYC 4600 002 Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture I The Middle Ages a St Augustine of Hippo b Islam c Transmission of Ideas i The Crusades d St Thomas Aquinas e William Ockham f Development of Universes II The Renaissance a Rebirth b Printing c Science i Key figures 1 Nicolaus Copernicus 2 Giordauno Burno 3 Galileo Galieli 4 William Harvey 5 Issac Newton 6 Baruch Spinoza III Trends Outline of Current Lecture I The Defecating Duck and the Newfound wonders of Machines a Automata b Clock work Universe II Determinism and Realism III Automata people as machines a Steam Enginius IV Charles Babbage a His life and work b The Crackpot c Legacy V The Antikythera Machine Current Lecture These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute The Defecating Duck and the Glory of France o The Defecating Duck Would eat digest move head Completely mechanical creation One wing had over 400 parts Great wonder of its time Jacques de Vaucanson the duck s inventor charged the equivalent of a week s worth of wages just to see the duck o Newfound fascination with all machines o Used in science technology and entertainment Automata machines capable of performing feats with precision and regularity Nothing new Described by ancient Greeks and Arabs in manuscripts Chinese had devised automata to Pour tea Play musical instruments Sing music Dance Europeans were rediscovering the automata Example The Lady Musician Plays 5 songs Fingers open and close Appears to be breathing in time with the music The spirit of Mechanism In England and Western Europe mechanics put to daily use at all levels of society and for everything including entertainment The clockwork universe o Clock mother of all machines Available to all o Influenced all aspects of life o Prague astronomical clock a 600 year old clock that Zeitgeist of the 17th to 19th centuries o Mechanism The doctrine that natural processes are mechanically



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