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FSU MUH 2019 - Final Exam Study Guide

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DO NOT COPY Page 1 of 10 [email protected] Modern Popular Music MUH2019 Professor Elyse Marerro DISCLAIMER: ANY PROFANITY IN THIS SURVIVAL GUIDE STUDY GUIDE IS NOT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE VIEWS OF SURVIVAL GUIDE. Final Exam Study Guide - Classic Rock o The Altamont Speedway Free Festival (1969)  The destruction of the 1960s o 1970s Radio  The use of genres - Pop rock, adult contemporary, singer-songwriter, soft soul, country pop, bubble gum, disco  Oldies Radio - 1950s and early 1960s o 1970s Classic Rock Music  Success of festivals: Newport, Monterey, Woodstock  Tailored performances to be live  The classic album o Led Zeppelin: “Hey, Hey What Can I Do”  Blues and folk rock led to heavy metal  Jimmy Page: guitars  John Berham: drummer  Robert Plant: lead vocals  John Paul Jones: bass  “Dazed and Confused” - Glam Rock & Progressive Rock o Glam Rock  Aesthetics - Androgyny - Costumes, makeup, cross-dressing  Music - Classic 70s rock style - Gender-bending sounds, challenged sexuality  David Bowie: “Starman” - “The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars” o An album - Performing the character of Ziggy Stardust - Theatrical  Jobriath: “I’maman” - Openly gay o Caused him to be unsuccessful and not memorable o Progressive Rock  Complexity in rock music - Highly skilled, technically complex - Form - Instrumentation o Electronic keyboards, synthesizers,, sound effects - Length - Themes - Concept albumsDO NOT COPY Page 2 of 10 [email protected]  Pink Floyd: “The Great Gig in the Sky” - “Dark Side of the Moon” o Concept album o Sound effects, psychedelic blues and jazz - Dark Side of the Rainbow o Playing The Wizard of Oz and “The Dark Side of the Moon” at the same time  Rush: “Working Man” - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 2013 - “Anthem” - “YY2” o Code for a Canadian airport o Song - Heavy Metal o New Wave of British Metal  Iron Maiden - Bruce Dikenson  Musical Roots - Classical o Powerful and heavy o Like the classical composer Wagner - Blues & Slave Music  Gender & Sexuality - The urge of teenage angst and the desire to make good music o The freedom of masculinity o Glam Metal  Twisted Sister, Motley Crue, Poison, Cinderella - hyper masculine, look female o Groupies  Pamela Debous  Started with Led Zepplin  Sex, drugs, Rock ‘n’ Roll o Girl Bands  Girlschool  Arch Enemy o Religion & Satanism  Venom - Scary o Thrash Metal  Metallica  Slayer - Lead singer is Christian yet sing satanic songs o Black Metal  Popularized in Norway - Disco o What is Disco?  Disco Era: 1975-1980  From discotheque in the swing era  Social/couple dancing  Against album oriented rock  Less importance of the band (rather producers, DJs and singers)  Importance of the single (lengthy recording for use at the disco) o The Rise of Disco  Latino, Black and Gay NYC communities  Black popular musicDO NOT COPY Page 3 of 10 [email protected]  Technology: turn tables, synthesizers  Cheap to hire DJs  1970s economic recession  Disco Bandwagon: The Rolling Stones, Diana Ross, Rod Stewart, James Brown  Hollywood: Saturday Night Fever (1977)  Rejected by hard rock, punk and early metal bands - Fear of gay culture, racism, challenging masculinity o Sound of Disco  An established beat  Steady, medium fast tempo  Repetitive song forms  Straightforward themes and lyrics o Disco and the Place  Clubs with nonstop music - Strict dress code, ultra-sensory experience, heavy bass pulse, flashing lights, mirrors everywhere, dance floor, people everywhere  Urban communities of color  Importance of the Club - 1970s recession, working class access to glamour and leisure o Studio 54  Hottest club of the time  Celebrities  Drug of choice: cocaine  Micheal Jackson: frequented Studio 54 o Saturday Night Fever (1977)  John Travolta o The Bee Gees: “Stayin’ Alive”  Australian group  Popular through disco  Vocal harmonies  Repetitive  104 BPM: same needed for CPR o Donna Summer: “I Feel Love”  Powerful voice, sultry and whisper like also  Giorgio Moroder: producer  Disco Dive, Queen of Disco  Gay community  Rock ‘n’ Roll Hall of Fame 2013 o The Village People: “YMCA”  Costumes of American Masculinity  Greenwich Village, NYC  Simple novelty songs  Top selling group  Part of current culture as well (weddings, dances, sports, etc.) o Disco Today: “Get Lucky” - Punk Rock o What is it?  DIY: sound, fashion, attitude  White male working class subculture  Rebellion against mainstream o Place  NYC  Underground subculture  Punk clubs, house parties, CBGBsDO NOT COPY Page 4 of 10 [email protected] - CBGB & OMFUG (“Country, Bluegrass, Blues, and the Music for Urban Gormandizers”) o Sound  Loud, Fast, Simple Pop (I-IV-V)  Sonic representation of “I don’t give a fuck” o History: Proto-Punk Bands  Los Saicos: “Salvaje” (Peru)  Death: “Rock ‘n’ Roll Victim”  The Stooges: “I Wanna Be Your Dog”  The Ramones: “Sheena is a Punk Rocker” - Not family, just friend - Middle class Queens, tough biker gang image - Catchy melodies, no guitar solos - Quick songs, only 2 minutes long - Reverse British invasion - “I Wanna Be Sedated”  The Sex Pistols: “Anarchy in the UK” - American punk rock influenced England - Malcolm McLaren o “Antifashion,” boutique called Sex o Leather & rubber clothing o Not friendly to audience  Johnny Rotten (singer) & Sid Vicious (bassist) - Audience: threw stuff at the band and the band threw stuff back - “God Save the Queen” - Funk o What is Funk?  Late 1960s to 1970s  Back to basics: music and dance  Funk influenced disco o Sound of Funk  Repetitive, dance-oriented rhythms  Interlocking patterns  Melodies  Call & response  Instrumentation  Importance of the groove  Later influenced hip-hop and funk-inspired rock o Funk & Black Consciousness  Sonic representation of black consciousness (racial pride) - African Diaspora  Politics: Black Panther Party, 1968 Olympics (John Carlos &


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