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FSU MUH 2019 - Test 2 Study Guide

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MUH 2019Test 2 Study GuideListening- “I Want to Hold Your Hand” – The Beatles- “Yesterday” – The Beatles- “Good Vibrations” – The Beach Boys- “Blowin’ in the Wind” – Bob Dylan- “Subterranean Homesick Blues” – Bob Dylan- “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” – The Beatles- “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” – The Beatles- “Sympathy for the Devil” – The Rolling Stones- “Gimme Shelter” – The Rolling Stones- “Somebody to Love” – Jefferson Airplane- “White Rabbit” – Jefferson Airplane- “Piece of my Heart” – Janis Joplin- “Touch of Grey” – Grateful Dead- “Light My Fire” – The Doors- “Dance to the Music” – Sly and the Family Stone- “Thank You (Falletinme Be Mice Elf Agin)” – Sly and the Family Stone- “Black Magic Woman” - Santana- “Purple Haze” – Jimi Hendrix- “Please, Please, Please” – James Brown- “The Funky Drummer, Part 1” – James Brown- “Respect” – Aretha Franklin- “Sittin on the Dock of the Bay” – Otis Redding- “Green Onions” – Booker T and the MGs- “Ziggy Stardust” – David Bowie- “Money” – Pink Floyd- “What’s Going On?” – Marvin Gaye- “Isn’t She Lovely” – Stevie Wonder- “Stairway to Heaven” – Led Zeppelin- “Do You Feel Like We Do?” – Peter Frampton- “Bohemian Rhapsody” – Queen- “Down on the Corner” – Creedence Clearwater Revival- “Statesboro Blues” – Allman Brothers Band- “Southern Man” – Neil Young- “Sweet Home Alabama” – Lynyrd Skynyrd- “John McLaughlin” – Miles Davis- “25 or 6 to 4” – Chicago- “Bridge over Troubled Water” – Simon and Garfunkel- “I Wanna Be Sedated” – The Ramones- “Psycho Killer” – Talking Heads- “The Harder They Come” – Jimmy Cliff- “I Shot the Sherriff” – Clapton- “I Shot the Sherriff” – Bob MarleyTopicsThe Beatles Early music styles- Began in Hamburg clubs- Influenced by Crickets & Chuck Berry- Played early covers of rock n' roll songs (less original material)- First #1 record in America – “I Want to Hold Your Hand” (1964)- Played on Ed Sullivan ShowImpact on music- Band > Individual- All play instruments and contribute to song writing- Allow audiences to identify with one particular Beatle- Get rid of lead singer mentality- Friends making music together, image "just like me"- Mentality comes after their big screen debut in A Hard Day’s Night (1964)- Aimed at middle class youth - Music goes from just being aimed at middle class youth to being performed by middle class youth- 30 singles on Billboard in 1964 alone- Start to evolve from band to a group of composers- Start writing music thank can't be performed (Stop performing)- “Yesterday” (1965)- Emulate Tin Pan Alley & American rockersArrival in America- The play on the Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 with #1 hit "I Want to Hold Your Hand"- US success in spite of Capitol Records- Crazed fans even more than Elvis and Sinatra- Immediate result of popularity in America was to unleash a flood of recordings by British bands on American market.- Large number successful, but short lived- Exception: Rolling Stones, the Who and the KinksSgt. Pepper, date- 1967 summer of love- Sold 8 million albums, on chart for 3 years - No singles released from it. - Indian influence, "exotic"- Possible drug references- Structure of album - Invitation, live show, participation, implied community, take you home- Studio produced sounds, not playable live - Concept album influenced by Pet Sounds- “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” - Influenced by Dylan- Poetic surrealismThe Beach Boys - Brian Wilson's response to Rubber Soul(1965) is Pet Sounds (1966) which influences Sgt. Pepper's (1967) - Less rock ‘n’ roll more symphonic cycle of songs- First concept album - interrelated whole with interrelated songs arranged in a deliberate sequence - easier for LP - Unique for a Pop album- “Good Vibrations” (1966)- #1 on charts and their most famous songBob Dylan- Born 1941 Robert Zimmerman- Establishes himself as singer-songwriter in NYC urban folk scene- Earlier Influences – Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie- Contemporaries – Joan Baez, Judy Collins & Tom Paxton- Takes name from poet Dylan Thomas- Many songs modeled on folk melodies of many origins (English ballads – African American spirituals)- Emphasis on albums more than singles- No longer need good vocals- “Blowin’ In The Wind” - Dylan’s best known work- Shows his gift for concise, evocative and highly poetic lyrics- How long will it take for mankind develops maturity to put a stop to wars.- “Answer is blowin’ in the wind”- Protest song, source of strengthBringin It All Back Home, date- Album with electric instruments in 1965, similar to blues- Influences on the Beatles: maturity, folky, lyrics more complex- Expands acceptable subject matter to lyrics - Away from teen, young love to protest, serious music- Rock becomes adult- No longer need a pretty voiceGrateful Dead Audiences/ Live Shows/ Musical Styles- Came out of San Fran scene - Pioneered the transition from urban folk music to folk rock to acid rock.- Jerry Garcia (1942 – 95), a guitarist, banjoist, and singer who had played in various urban folk groups during the early 1960s. (part of the Grateful Dead)- LSD encouragement in public parties "acid tests" before the drug was outlawed. - Live shows are very important, record doesn’t do them justice- Jam Band; Deadheads (devoted fans)- Long jams that wander through diverse musical style and grooves and typically terminate in unexpected places.- Allow taping - which creates larger fan base through tape trading- "Tapers Section" of audience (Napster precursor?)- No real charting hits; biggest is "Touch of Grey" (#9 Pop hit in 1987)Psychedelic Rock Jefferson Airplane- First nationally successful psychedelic rock band- Acid Rock- Came out of San Francisco scene - Signed unprecedented record deal in 1965- Anti-Commercial? (but signed record deal)- Parallel to "alternative" music in 1990s- Lead vocalist Grace Slick- "Somebody to Love" #5 Pop- Combine folk "seriousness" and artistry with commercial creativity- "White Rabbit"The Counterculture- General attitude, never systematic movement- Looked at as a movement, but this is an oversimplification- Rock plays a huge role- Lexicon, fashion,fads, beards, tie-dye, drugs, fascination with "exotic"- Members - generally white upper middle class,


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