UT Knoxville ARTH 183 - Early Hindu Art at Elephanta and Mallapuram (3 pages)

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Early Hindu Art at Elephanta and Mallapuram



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Early Hindu Art at Elephanta and Mallapuram

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Covers material on back of Handout 4 and first item on Handout 5.


Lecture number:
6
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Tennessee
Course:
Arth 183 - Asian Art
Edition:
1
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ARTH183 1st Edition Lecture 6 Outline of Last Lecture I Hinduism A Definition Description a Polytheism Brahma Vishnu Shiva The Great Goddess b Beliefs Samsara karma nirvana moksha Brahman II Early Hindu Art Uryagiri A Significance B Cave 6 exterior wall carvings Iconography and style a Vishnu b Durga c Ganesha III Early Hindu Art Deogarh A Vishnu Temple Significance form a Vishnu Reclining on the Serpent Ananta Iconography style Outline of Current Lecture I Early Hindu Art at Elephanta A The Great Cave a Layout garbagriha linga lingam yoni B Three Headed Shiva a Style b Iconography C Elephanta site symbolism II Early Hindu Art at Mamallapuram A Descent of the Ganges or Arjuna s Penance a Iconography 2 main interpretations Current Lecture Early Hindu Art at Elephanta The Great Cave Dated to ca 6th c CE Elephanta is an island off of India s west coast near Bombay Mumbai There are no inscriptions in this cave temple identifying specific patrons but it is thought to be probably royal patronage the temple is dedicated to Shiva and contains These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute many large relief sculptures of Shiva in several different forms Like Ajanta temple was carved out from the top down and imitates freestanding structures Temple layout plan Has an unusual layout with 3 different entrances the east entrance is the main one Shiva temples typically face East but there is also another big entrance on the north and one on the west Contains columned hall typical of temples Garbhagriha the main sanctuary of any temple its central area literally means womb chamber At Elephanta a square chamber with 4 doors and steps leading up on each side flanked by guardian figures figures of dwarves members of Shiva s retinue Any Shiva temple garbhagriha will contain a lingam an aniconic form of Shiva in the shape of a phallus that represents his reproductive power and his



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