UT Knoxville ARTH 183 - Momoyama Period and Edo Period Japan (5 pages)

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Momoyama Period and Edo Period Japan

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Momoyama Period and Edo Period Japan


Finishes covering all items on Handout 19 (final item="Cypress Trees"), covers entirety of Handout 20 on Edo/Tokugawa Period Woodblock Prints.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Tennessee
Arth 183 - Asian Art
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ARTH183 1st Edition Lecture 25 Outline of Last Lecture I Kamakura Period Japan Tales of the Heiji Heiji Monogatari Continued A Form subject a Illustrated handscroll emakimono b Single scene continuous narration Formatting of action B Style characteristics basis for use C Palace a Formatting of vignettes D Style relation to political message II Muromatchi Period Japan and Zen Buddhism A Zen Buddhism origins a Main emphases b Relationship to military families B Catching a Catfish with a Gourd Jojetsu a Original format and patron Shogun b Subject relationship to Zen Buddhism c Style Typical Zen treatment of figures Relationship to Chinese Southern Song style C Rock Garden relationship to Zen Buddhism Zen Buddhist temples a Form Components Symbolism of gravel and garden as a whole b Use c Zen Buddhist aesthetic values Wabi Sabi III Momoyama Period Japan 1573 1615 A History Totoyomi Hiteyoshi B Development of castle a Use developed in response to what C Himeji Castle builder 2 main divisions a Form Style lack of openness heaviness The keep Effect of gables These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Domestic area Defensive strategies b Audience Hall Interior form d cor New style of wall painting Origin Outline of Current Lecture I Momoyama Period Continued Castles and Painting A New painting style relationship to castles B Cypress Trees a Artist and patron Creation process b Original and later use c Style characteristics Blue and gold style name source II Edo Tokugawa Period Japan 1615 1868 CE Woodblock Prints A Edo Period historical climate features a Middle class growth cause b Characteristics of capital Edo Cause Effect on art B Ukiyo e Definition a Medium of woodblock prints How they were made Who bought them C Motoura and Yaeazakura of the Minami Yamasakiya a Historical significance of artist to medium b Subject Depiction of women re individuality Significance of pipe tobacco Symbolism of telescope Literary feature D Couple in an Upstairs Room a Artist s best known subject b Style Compositional innovations Signs of artisans skills c Literary feature fan E Otani Oniji III as Yakko Edobei in the play The Two colored Reins a Subject kabuki theater description b Artist Best known subject Mysterious disappearance possible cause c Subject Style Face s reflection of kabuki practice Significance of mica background F The Great Wave off Kanagawa a 19th century subject shift relationship to subject here and series it is from Reason for popularity of series Artist s varied subjects b Composition style Juxtaposed shapes Significance of blue c Eastern Western dual influences Current Lecture Momoyama Period Continued Castles and Painting Castles represent a new form of architecture very different from the traditional Japanese light open style these darker spaces help lead to the development of a new style of large scale painting with monumental subjects blown up to fill the space style develops and is meant to suit setting Cypress Trees att Kano Eitoku 1543 90 Momoyama Period 1590 Artist is a member of the Kano School the 1st really successful among them this is thought to be a commission for an imperial prince Originally was a sliding wall panel probably would have covered multiple walls but became a standing screen piece of furniture Work was carried out by multiple artists with assistance from members of Kano s studio for colors and gold areas Kano would have come in at the end for finishing touches Cypress trees Symbolic subject of longevity and strength popular broadly and especially with military families Style Called blue and gold style see use of heavy blue pigment in water gold for ground and clouds scalloped edges distinguish them cropping off of trees is typical extending branches of tree are silhouetted clearly against the gold very bold large scale brush work fits the size of the painting but there is also fine brushwork Edo Tokugawa Period Japan 1615 1868 CE Woodblock Prints Another period of military family rule but a more peaceful unified prosperous time allowing for growth of a large middle class capital was at Edo the old name for Tokyo The ruling government tried to control military families prevent power struggles and clan rivalries as a way of preventing civil war done by requiring family heads to spend time each year in Edo under the watch of the rulers As a result of this population Edo is defined by manufacture of goods consumption a much larger number of men than women and legal widespread prostitution with prostitutes ranging from street walkers to high society courtesans Ukiyo e Pictures of the floating world pictures about carpe diem seizing of pleasures and entertainment Subjects Courtesans geishas fashionable beautiful women tourist sites erotic themes theatrical entertainment kabuki sumo etc Woodblock print technique Making a print involved multiple artists 1 st a design was created then carving specialists carve image on wood ink the woodblock and place on paper before carefully pulling the block Color could then be added by hand Patronage for woodblock prints comes from the urban middle class not the imperial court or military government Motoura and Yaeazakura of the Minami Yamasakiya Suzuki Harunobu Edo Period 1769 Suzuki Harunobu was the 1st to create polychrome woodblock prints where all the colors were created by blocks He produced a lot of images of beautiful women like these from the Flowers of Beauty in the Floating World series here these are 2 specific Edo women a courtesan and courtesan in training Women of Edo s red light district has their own lingo culture were considered fashion icons see attention paid to rendering garments Women are standardized examples of ideal beauty not individualized more distinguished by clothes and hairdos Woman smoking pipe of tobacco shows Western habit picked up in the East Girl s telescope recognizable phallic symbol reflects idea of looking these women are to be looked upon Shows juxtaposition of interior and exterior scenes with scalloped edge top cloud area with common feature of literary accompaniment in form of poem Couple in an Upstairs Room Kitagawa Utamaro 1753 1806 Edo Period 1788 Utamaro was very known for his erotic images and images of beautiful women this is a print from an album series of erotica called Poems of the Pillow Utamaro created innovative compositions see juxtaposition of unprinted

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