UT Knoxville ARTH 183 - Final Exam Study Guide (13 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Final Exam/Exam 3 study guide includes summarized descriptions taken from class lectures of all the items featured on the "List of items on Exam 3" (covering handouts 14-20).

Study Guide
University of Tennessee
Arth 183 - Asian Art
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ARTH183 1st Edition Exam 3 Study Guide Lectures 19 25 Lecture 19 November 5th Ming Dynasty China 1368 1424 The Forbidden City The Yuan Dynasty was never very stable lots of coups assassinations and large parts of the empire start to fall under the control of groups of bandit rebels eventually in 1368 the Mongols are overthrown and native Chinese rule begins again with the Ming Dynasty The 1st Ming emperor is the 1st Chinese emperor to originate in the peasant class a very autocratic paranoid ruler who carried out a series of deadly purges but also instituted policies and reforms to help the poor The Ming capital moves from Nanjing to Beijing with the 3 rd Ming emperor in 1420 who also builds a new palace to be the center of government and emperor s residence known today as the Forbidden City Forbidden City Beijing Founded Ming Dynasty 1407 CE The overall plan of Beijing circa the Ming Dynasty tried to correspond to a 12th c BCE plan from the Zhou post Shang period royal city rectangular shape streets aligned on north south east west axes form a grid multiple gateways palace located at center on north south axis there is a cosmographic orientation to the whole city and the Forbidden City within The central Imperial City is more exclusive than the city at large access to nobility court members producers manufacturers for court while the even more exclusive Forbidden City is nested inside The Forbidden City has a moat all the way around and all of the most important buildings located on its central north south axis including the 3 main throne rooms on an hourglass shaped terrace dais all of these buildings face south in a cosmographic arrangement and are approached from the south looking north reflects conception of the emperor as like the North Star that stays in one place while all the rest of the universe revolves around it In the general architectural principles that govern the Forbidden City complex elevation on terraces and more complex rooflines indicate a

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