UT Arlington PSYC 1315 - Chp 16 Notes (4 pages)

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Chp 16 Notes



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Chp 16 Notes

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 1315 - Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology Documents

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Chp 16 Notes Antianxiety drugs are commonly known as tranquilizers Th ese drugs reduce anxiety by making the individual calmer and less excitable Benzodiazepines are the antianxiety drugs that generally off er the greatest relief for anxiety symptoms though these drugs are potentially addictive Antidepressant drugs regulate mood Tricyclics so called because of their three ringed molecular structure are believed to work by increasing the level of certain neurotransmitters especially norepinephrine and serotonin MAO inhibitors are thought to work because they block the enzyme monoamine oxidase Th is enzyme breaks down the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain Hazell 2009 Pitychoutis others 2010 Scientists believe that the blocking action of MAO inhibitors allows these neurotransmitters to stick around in the brain s synapses and help regulate mood SSRIs target serotonin and work mainly by interfering only with the reabsorption of serotonin in the brain electroconvulsive therapy ECT commonly called shock therapy is to set off a seizure in the brain much like what happens spontaneously in some forms of epilepsy W A Brown 2007 Th e notion that causing someone to have a seizure might help cure a psychological disorder may seem strange but this idea has been around for quite some time ancient Greeks used to use it Antipsychotic drugs are powerful drugs that diminish agitated behavior reduce tension decrease hallucinations improve social behavior and produce better sleep patterns in individuals who have a severe psychological disorder especially schizophrenia Neuroleptics are the most extensively used class of antipsychotic drugs Garver 2006 Numerous well controlled investigations reveal that when used in suffi cient doses neuroleptics reduce a variety of schizophrenic symptoms Nasrallah others 2009 Th e most widely accepted explanation for the eff ectiveness of neuroleptics is their ability to block dopamine s action in the brain Psychosurgery is a



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