UT Arlington PSYC 1315 - chp 15 notes (5 pages)

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chp 15 notes



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chp 15 notes

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Pages:
5
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 1315 - Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology Documents

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Chp 15 Notes Abnormal behavior is behavior that is deviant maladaptive or personally distressful over a relatively longperiod of time deviant Abnormal behavior is certainly atypical or statistically unusual People such as Alicia Keys Peyton Manning and Steven Spielberg are atypical but we do not categorize them as abnormal When atypical behavior deviates from what is acceptable in a culture it often is considered abnormal A woman who washes her hands three or four times an hour and takes seven showers a day is abnormal because her behavior deviates from what we consider acceptable Maladaptive behavior interferes with a person s ability to function effectively in the world A man who believes that he can endanger other people through his breathing may go to great lengths to avoid people so that he will not harm anyone He might isolate himself from others for what he believes is their own good His belief separates him from society and prevents his everyday functioning thus his behavior is maladaptive Personal distress over a long period of time Th e person Engaging in the behavior fi nds it troubling A woman who secretly makes herself vomit after every meal may never be seen by others as deviant because they do not know about it but this pattern of behavior may cause her to feel intense shame guilt and despair Th e biological approach attributes psychological disorders to organic internal causes Th is approach primarily focuses on the brain genetic factors and neurotransmitter functioning as the sources of abnormality Th e psychological approach emphasizes the contributions of experiences thoughts emotions and personality characteristics in explaining psychological disorders Psychologists might focus for example on the infl uence of childhood experiences or of personality traits in the development and course of psychological disorders Th e sociocultural approach emphasizes the social contexts in which a person lives including the individual s gender ethnicity



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