UT Arlington PSYC 1315 - chp 12 notes (5 pages)

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chp 12 notes



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chp 12 notes

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Pages:
5
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 1315 - Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology Documents

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According to Freud the mind can be divided into three different levels 1 The conscious mind includes everything that we are aware of This is the aspect of our mental processing that we can think and talk about rationally A part of this includes our memory which is not always part of consciousness but can be retrieved easily at any time and brought into our awareness Freud called this the preconscious 2 The preconscious mind is the part of the mind that represents ordinary memory While we are not consciously aware of this information at any given time we can retrieve it and pull it into consciousness when needed 3 The unconscious mind is a reservoir of feelings thoughts urges and memories that outside of our conscious awareness Most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant such as feelings of pain anxiety or conflict According to Freud the unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience even though we are unaware of these underlying influences Freud likened these three levels of mind to an iceberg The top of the iceberg that you can see above the water represents the conscious mind The part of the iceberg that is submerged below the water but is still visible is the preconscious The bulk of the iceberg lies unseen beneath the waterline and represents the unconscious Figure 12 1The Conscious and Unconscious Mind The Iceberg Analogy The iceberg analogy illustrates how much of the mind is unconscious in Freud s theory The conscious mind is the part of the iceberg above water the unconscious mind the part below water Notice that the id is totally unconscious whereas the ego and the superego can operate at either the conscious or the unconscious level Th e conflicts that erupt among the demands of the id the superego and reality create a great deal of anxiety for the ego The ego has strategies for dealing with this anxiety called defense mechanisms Defense mechanisms are tactics the ego uses to reduce anxiety by unconsciously



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