UT Arlington PSYC 1315 - Chp 13 Social Psychology (3 pages)

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Chp 13 Social Psychology



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Chp 13 Social Psychology

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Pages:
3
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 1315 - Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology Documents

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Chp 13 Social Psychology Physical attractiveness has been recognized as a powerful social cue Berneburg others 2010 Judith Langlois and her colleagues found that even infants as young as 3 to 6 months of age showed a preference for looking at attractive faces versus unattractive faces as rated by adults Hoss Langlois 2003 Ramsey others 2004 Attractive individuals are generally assumed to have a variety of other positive characteristics including being better adjusted socially skilled friendly likable extraverted and likely to achieve superior job performance Langlois others 2000 Th ese positive expectations for physically attractive individuals have been referred to as the beautiful is good stereotype Th at fi rst impression can have lasting eff ects Ambady Skowronski 2009 Recall the primacy eff ect from Chapter 7 people s tendency to attend to and remember what they learned fi rst N H Anderson 1965 Th e power of fi rst impressions is likely due to just such an eff ect How quickly do we make these initial impressions of others In one study judgments made after just a 100 millisecond exposure time to unfamiliar faces was suffi cient for individuals to form an impression Attribution theory views people as motivated to discover the underlying causes of behavior as part of their eff ort to make sense of the behavior Internal external causes Internal attributions include all causes inside and specifi c to the person such as his or her traits and abilities External attributions include all causes outside the person such as social pressure aspects of the social situation money the weather and luck Did Beth get an A on the test because she is smart or because the test was easy Attitudes are our feelings opinions and beliefs about people objects and ideas Cognitive dissonance a concept developed by Festinger 1957 is an individual s psychological discomfort dissonance caused by two inconsistent thoughts According to the theory we feel uneasy when we notice an inconsistency



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