UT Arlington PSYC 1315 - Chapter 9 Notes (4 pages)

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Chapter 9 Notes



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Chapter 9 Notes

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Psyc 1315 - Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology Documents

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Chapter 9 Notes Nature refers to a person s biological inheritance especially his or her genes nurture refers to the individual s environmental and social experiences Judith Harris 1998 author of the book The Nurture Assumption argues that what parents do makes no diff erence in children s behavior Spank them Hug them Read to them Ignore them It will not infl uence how they turn out because genes and peers are far more important than parents in children s development Harris maintains Developmental psychologists debate whether early experiences or later experiences are more important Kagan 2010 Staudinger Gluck 2011 R A Th ompson 2010 Some believe that unless infants receive warm nurturing caregiving in their fi rst year or so of life they will not develop to their full potential Phillips Lowenstein 2011 Sroufe Coffi no Carlson 2010 Other psychologists emphasize the power of later experience arguing that important development occurs later on in life as well Scheibe Carstensen 2010 Life span developmentalists who study both children and adults in fact stress that researchers have given too little attention to adult development and aging Piaget believed that children actively construct their cognitive world as they go through a series of stages In Piaget s view children use schemas to make sense of their experience Recall from Chapter 7 that a schema is a mental concept or framework that organizes information and provides a structure for interpreting it Schemas are expressed as various behaviors and skills that the child can exercise in relation to objects or situations For example sucking is a simple early schema More complex schemas that occur later in childhood include blowing crawling and hiding In adulthood schemas may represent more complex expectations and beliefs about the world Piaget s fi rst stage the sensorimotor stage lasts from birth to about 2 years of age In this stage infants construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences



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