UNC-Chapel Hill HIST 158 - Protestant Reformation (3 pages)

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Protestant Reformation

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Protestant Reformation


Context and contributing factors of the Protestant Reformation.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Hist 158 - EARLY MODERN EUROPE Lecture 3

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HIST 158 1st Edition Lecture 8 Outline of Last Lecture I Capitalism and Economic Expansion a Shift of production b Specialized cities c Discovery and Exploration of the world d Economic Expansion in Europe e Traditional Morality v Capitalism Outline of Current Lecture I Protestant Reformation a Context b Contributing factors i Corruption of Medieval Church ii The Renaissance Current Lecture I Protestant Reformation 16th century Western Christendom Roman Catholicism split as a result of the Protestant Reform a Context i Before this time the idea that working hard leads to success was alien ii From a religious standpoint it was even shameful to put all focus on profit seeking and not God iii Ideas of individuality and personal relationships with God were emphasized b Factors that may have contributed to the Reformation i Medieval Church abuse theory 1 Idea that popes and the church were corrupt These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute 2 However not many people would ve realized the church was in trouble at the time 3 History of the church as an institution before the reform a Church fostered shared experiences b Escape from the fear of sin and salvation c Pope in Rome was a primal figure Papal Primacy d Church had their own justice system shared language and liturgy 4 Crises of the church a Clement V becomes Pope in 1309 and moves to Avignon France i Was perceived as Babylonian Captivity church was thought to be under the French government s rule because the Popes always resided in Rome b 7 popes remained in Avignon before moving back c Western Schism 1378 1417 Cardinals split and elected three competing Popes i 1417 Martin V was elected and moved to Rome ii All power was reclaimed in Rome but pastoral and religious duties were neglected ii Renaissance s influence 1 Printing press diffusion of ideas wouldn t have been possible a Especially Luther s criticism

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