UNC-Chapel Hill HIST 158 - French Revolution (3 pages)

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French Revolution

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French Revolution


Highlights of the French Revolution including prominent figures, events and origins.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Hist 158 - EARLY MODERN EUROPE Lecture 3
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HIST 158 1st Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture I Candide a Irony b If not optimism c Pessimism d Refusing all systems of thought e Religious criticism f Many critiques Outline of Current Lecture I French Revolution a General b Origins c Monarchy to Republic d Terror and Resistance Current Lecture I French Revolution a General i Tried to put end to the ancient regime stratified society ii Peasants in masses go to Paris to beg the King for food iii Promise of universal human rights constitutional government broad based political participation liberty equality fraternity 1 Abolished nobility executed King and Queen iv Established Republic in France for the first time 1 But also started a cycle of violence and intimidation a totalitarian regime These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute a Controlling all aspects of the citizen s lives 2 Also began a new era of more wars to spread ideas b Origins i Estates general 1st 2nd 3rd estate 1 France s parliamentary assembly 2 1st estate nobility 3 2nd estate clergy 4 3rd estate everyone else 95 of population ii Voting rules By estate or by head 1 Traditionally vote was by the estate but the 3rd estate wanted a head count because their vote would count for more a They had doubled in numbers b Otherwise they would be 1 2 against 2nd and 3rd estates c Couldn t agree so the 3rd estate created their own assembly iii National Assembly new assembly of 3rd estate 1 Tennis Court Oath wouldn t split up until they drafted and presented a new constitution to France iv Jacques Necker fired supported 3rd estate began revolution v Bastille prison where King put his political opponents 1 Revolutionaries attacked it a Symbol of King s power that was being threatened c From Monarchy to Republic i Constitutional monarchy 3rd estate wanted this 1 King would still be highest but there would be a constitution so that even the King would be under the country s laws ii 1792 War Second revolution deposed King and established a republic iii Great Fear in countryside had to reestablish order iv End of feudal regime nobility gave up after being targeted attacked by countrymen 1 No more different classes serfs 2 No more varying taxes v Declaration of Human Rights 1789 functioned as a constitution for the new country 1 Did not put an end to the monarchy revolutionaries didn t want that 2 The royal family decides to flee unsuccessfully vi Execution of Louis XVI 1 Conflict between Girondins and Montagnards a January 21 1793 b King is only a man and no man is above the law d Terror and Resistance i Robespierre took over government established the Regime of Terror ii Girondins many were arrested iii Cultural remodeling de Christianization education time and space introduced legal divorce iv Execution of Robespierre July 1794 1 Most controversial character of the revolution because he believed strongly in the revolutionary principals but didn t implement them on the basis of revolutionary ideas a He executed or imprisoned people who didn t share his beliefs i Does not reflect a revolution founded on desire for liberty freedom

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