UNC-Chapel Hill HIST 158 - Napoleon (4 pages)

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Key aspects of Napoleon's rule and its impacts on France and all of Europe.

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Hist 158 - EARLY MODERN EUROPE Lecture 3

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HIST 158 1st Edition Lecture 22 Outline of Last Lecture I French Revolution a General b Origins c Monarchy to Republic d Terror and Resistance Outline of Current Lecture I Napoleon II Napoleon s Authoritarian State III The New Paternalism IV Military Conquests V Napoleon s fall VI Conclusion Current Lecture I Napoleon a Political instability does rapid political change inevitably lead to violence i 1795 he was a penniless officer just released from prison ii 1796 becomes commander of French army 1 The army was only source of stability in France 2 Was very successful in wars abroad iii 1796 1797 France vs Austria 1 Important military victory iv 11 7 1799 18 Brumarie 1 Successful coup v 1802 names himself First Consul for Life These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute 1 Emperor Napoleon I 2 He chooses 2 helpers 3 These three consuls make all laws and execute them 4 Concentrated power is a corrosive effect of political instability II Napoleon s Authoritarian State a Goals reestablish order in the state and create a dynasty for life and his descendants b Reconciliation with Catholics i How can there be order without religion ii signed agreement with the Pope ending decade of discontent iii Created provinces and prefects of the provinces an loyal administration iv Created the Bank of France to stabilize the economy c Limited freedom of political expression strict control of disagreement and personal opinion d Personal cult as it is in the army i Napoleon wants to be known as the father of the people e Creates monuments celebrating France and himself f Intellectual state i Establishes a prestigious court with scholars and scientists ii Attempted to control every aspect of society iii Bureaucracy was built on patronage III The New Paternalism a What scholars called this new form of government b Acts as the father figure head of the family protector c Combination

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