Exam 1 Study Guide(5 pages)
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Exam 1 Study Guide
This study guide covers important vocabulary as well as causes and consequences of events covered in the lecture.
- Study Guide
- Texas A&M University
- Hist 106 - History Of The U S
Unformatted text preview:
HIST 106 2nd Edition Exam 1 Study Guide o Lincoln’s approach to Reconstruction Lincoln had a softer approach to reconstruction as he did think that some people needed to be punished not by death but by stripping of their political rights Lincoln also thought that only 10% of the southern population had to swear allegiance to the Union Lincoln did not live to see his Reconstruction as he was assassinated o Johnson’s approach to Reconstruction The radical Republicans initially thought that Johnson being put into the presidential seat because Johnson hated plantation owners because they took opportunity away from small farmers Johnson was easily wooed by the southerners and granted out pardons to everyone When Johnson was done with his “reconstruction”, there were former high- ranking confederates were back in power in the south Congressional Reconstruction o Military Reconstruction Act Divided the south into 5 military district and each was ruled by a general All of the generals were put with the power that they would make sure that all congressional reconstruction took place in their district They made sure that the 13th and 14th amendments were put into place For the first time in history, Republicans were put into congressional seats in the south due to the influx of black votes o 1870s-some whites in the south were getting fed up with the congressional reconstruction and the beginning of terrorism against blacks Klu klux klan-terrorize the blacks and there were many acts that hurt many blacks The redeemers-were really intent on restoring white supremacy in the south (getting rid of republican governments in the south, getting blacks out of congress, not allowing blacks to vote) Getting many men together for “shooting club” and having armed up rises against a county with a black in administrative power Many innocent blacks were killed and this group fed a lot of feeling of anxiety Started becoming a very big problem in the early to mid 1870s and President Grant was adamant on cracking down on the violence in the south Panic of 1873-really hit the southern economy hard and the price of cotton fell by half Drove a lot of people out of business and drove a lot of people in to sharecropping Sharecropper-lived and farmed on someone else’s land and they would farm the land and get to keep a portion of the land for themselves and the landowner would get a portion The sharecroppers would usually be starting from nothing and they would get a loan from the landowner for the materials needed for farming and they would usually never be out of debt to the landowner Nationally, Grant was blamed for the Panic of 1873, a lot of republicans were pushed out of congress and for the first time since the Civil War, the democrats controlled the HOR Election of 1876 o The north was tired of ...
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