Toward an Urban Society: 1877-1900

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Toward an Urban Society: 1877-1900

This lecture talks about life in the cities and why moving to the city was so appealing towards the end of the 19th century.

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Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Hist 106 - History Of The U S
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HIST 106 2nd Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I. Workers II. Culture of work III. Knights of Labor Outline of Current Lecture I. The lure of the city II. Tenements and unwashed masses III. Strangers in a strange land IV. Social and cultural change V. Manners and Mores Current Lecture  The lure of the city o Intro/context  At the beginning of the civil war, only 1/6 of American people lived in the city; by 1900, 1/3 of American people lived in the city; by 1920, ½ of American people lived in the city  The movement to urban life brought explosive growth and in 1900, the US had 6 of the biggest urban cities including New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia o Skyscrapers and suburbs  Context: the proverbial chicken and egg question  Was the age of steel and glass that built the skyscrapers; street cars (transportation) built the suburbs  Does technology change history or does history change technology? o Before and after  Before: buildings were small and were not steady; after: steel production allowed for buildings to be larger and sturdier than before  Building soared higher and higher and the walls were no longer having to hold themselves up and steel frames allowed for windows o Innovators: Root and Sullivan  Both were attracted to rebuild Chicago after the fire of 1871

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