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US Expansion Texas Texas 1810 o American s heard about Texas through the report of Pike and they learn about everything Texas could for them o In 1810 there is a revolt against Spanish rule in Texas Spain is not doing well at this time because Napoleon has it under his control and so there is no pay for the soldiers and the ships that traveling there are being attack by the British o The Spanish relied on trade with the Comanche so that they wouldn t attack them and over time the supplies were not getting there and so they attacked Spanish settlements and the army wasn t getting paid so they have no need to help anyone o American s had the urge to expand the country the first filibuster of land we see is in Texas they try to expand the country by force o In 1812 the expedition of southern states and Spanish exiles marched into Texas with the leader of this group Goode Arises the group number 300 men o In April 1813 the expedition reached San Antonio and took it Goode wanted to seek redemption and he rounded up anyone who kicked him out and he had them killed by firing squad some of the American s see this leave because they don t want any part of that o In August of that year a Mexican army marches into San Antonio and meet him at the Medina River and defeat them they also rounded up everyone that was still there and killed everyone to show a sign that anyone else that tried the same would get the same o One of the younger leaders of Spanish of the army at this time was Antonio Lopez De Santana and he took the idea of killing everyone after the battle and used it in the future Moses and Stephen F Austin o The next American group that moved into Texas did it legally because they didn t not want to battle the Spanish o The movement to Texas was started by Moses Austin and he wanted to do it legally at this time no one in Mexico wanted to move to Mexico and this was a problem for the Spanish o Moses owned all the lead mines around and anytime you needed to use lead you had to get it from him o Moses wanted to find new lead mines to expand his business in 1819 he put all his money in the bank in St Louis so he could move out to Texas but this bank fails and he loses all of his money o He comes up with a plan that he will go to the Spanish and ask for land that he can then sell to the Americans and in December he was given the land with the permission to sell the land to Americans if they swore an oath to the Spanish government and turn to Spanish ways and customs and defend Texas for the Spanish o Stephen Austin the son of Moses was a successful lawyer in Arkansas and he left all that behind to fulfill his father s dream of settling Texas o The land give to Austin was 200 000 acres what is now the area between Austin and San Antonio there was no way to make that much money off the land o Each person that moved to Texas got 4 000 acres and only had to pay for the transfer of the deed to the person which was 40 that had to be paid in 6 years o Austin liked this a lot because he had control over everything that went on in the land he had he was basically the king government and general and judge all rolled into one o There were no agricultural taxes on farm supplies and there is no land taxes for 10 years and the only that was hard for the people moving there was that they had to change religions and customs and no one could bring in slaves there o Other American s saw what Austin was doing and they did the same thing in 1830 there were 30 000 American s in Texas most of them moved to Texas in the late 1820 s o Many people that were in debt to other people or the banks would board up their house and then move to Texas because they could run away from their debt o Americans did a lot of shady things in Texas slaves were being imported in the US goods would be smuggled into Texas and then sold for higher prices slaves were even moved into Texas to work the land in 1830 the Spanish had enough with all the immigrants into Texas o In 1830 the Americans out number Texas natives 7 1 and Texas was a refuge for people running away from debt and everyone would flock their when they were in trouble people that wanted to own land also moved there because there was no way to get that much land in the east o People moved to Texas to start new lives one of these people was William Travis Texas Revolution Travis left for Texas o During this time people would flock to Texas to start a new life like William o Was a former lawyer but left home after he racked up debt he couldn t pay so he o One of the big three of the Alamo o In April 6 1830 the Mexican government had enough with everyone going into Texas illegally and all the things that were happening in Texas so they came up with a new laws o The law of April 6th said no more Americans could come into Texas the slave that were in Texas could stay but no more could enter they also said everyone had to convert to Catholicism o The US had already offered to buy Texas from Mexico but Great Britain at the time told them not to so they never sold it to the US o To make sure the law were being enforced and to make sure no more people got the Mexican army is sent into Texas o The Mexican army now enforces all the laws and now collects taxes on imported farm supplies and this starts the push for freedom in Texas o The American s didn t like that they had to change religion and they didn t like how the army was coming into Texas and enforcing laws so two different parties form one lead by Austin for peace with Mexico and the other by Travis who wanted a revolution to win freedom o Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna leads a revolt against Mexico and talks with American in Texas that he wanted to make a Federal Mexico and that every state would have a say in what they wanted in their state o Later Santa Anna won power and he became president of Mexico and he then changes his plans in 1834 he was elected a second time as president and changed all the power to him and his dictatorship now he …

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FSU AMH 3444 - US Expansion (Texas)

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