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FSU GEB 3213 - Chapter 5

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Chapter 51. Mechanics include all of the following excepta. content.b. punctuation.c. number expression.d. word division.e. abbreviations.2. Which of the following is not a way to achieve clarity in your writing?a. Be sure the message is accurate and complete.b. Use familiar words and phrases.c. Emphasize compound sentences.d. Avoid dangling expressions.e. Eliminate unnecessary jargon.3. Which sentence effectively uses words that are familiar to businesspeople?a. Please ascertain whether the deliverance of merchandise will be forthcoming in the duration of the business cycle.b. He was not cognizant of the actuality that he was still in a probationary period.c. A financial deficit may be encountered during the transitional period following the merger.d. The board of directors will soon meet to discuss acquiring the Sonar Company.e. The accountant will commence to compute the amount of monetary funds that should be allocated for remunerations.4. Which statement does not contain a dangling expression?a. Eric informed Jason about the policy changes, but he doesn’t like the changes.b. While reviewing the corporate report, a few discrepancies were found.c. While traveling to Boston, the auditor will review the financial reports.d. Abraham Lincoln wrote the Gettysburg Address while traveling to Gettysburg on the back of an envelope.e. The manager plans to address the use of cell phones in weekly meetings.5. Identify the statement that does not contain an unnecessarily long word.a. Brian fabricated the events of the accident to circumvent prosecution.b. Please initiate the modification of the innovative computer system.c. William is vital to the success of the convention.d. The vice president will recapitulate the presentation after illustrating the new software.e. Initiate the termination procedures for the dispensable employees.6. Which sentence does not contain a cliché or wordy expression?a. According to our records, you paid your bill after the due date.b. During 2004, the company will focus on redefining its mission statementc. It goes without saying that customer service representatives must be polite at all times.d. I’d like to take this opportunity to thank the development team for its extraordinary effort on the project.e. Enclosed you will find three copies of the contract.7. Short and simple words help business writersa. impress their readers.b. emphasize the receiver of the action.c. use jargon to build credibility.d. express their meaning without distraction.e. use redundancy in appropriate situations.8. Which is not a reason to avoid slang in business writing?a. It is too informal. b. It is not businesslike.c. It is identified with a specific group of people.d. It is short-lived.e. It may not be understood by the general population.9. Identify the sentence that does not contain a cliché or slang.a. If you want to play ball with me, you need to increase your offer.b. Let me take this opportunity to congratulate you on your promotion.c. As you requested, I sent a new catalog to the supervisor. d. The bottom line is that we must improve our customer relations.e. If I can be of further help, please do not hesitate to call me.10. Identify the sentence that does not contain a redundant phrase.a. Young adults should plan ahead for retirement.b. Understanding absolute and relative cell references is fundamental to working with spreadsheets.c. The company will give each and every employee a year-end bonus.d. Receive a free gift when you subscribe to our magazine.e. When and if profits increase by 15 percent, everyone will receive a raise.11. The phrase came to an agreement is an example ofa. an expletive.b. unnecessary repetition.c. concise language.d. jargon.e. a hidden verb.12. The phrase there is is an example ofa. an expletive.b. a hidden verb.c. a buzz word.d. an action verb.e. jargon.13. Positive languagea. is more likely to help achieve your objectives than negative language.b. builds and maintains goodwill between you and your reader.c. often provides more information than negative language.d. can be achieved by stressing what can be done instead of what cannot be done.e. does all of these.14. Two expressions that carry negative connotations area. compound-complex and redundant.b. will not and cannot.c. subjunctive and passive voice.d. ethnocentrism and abstraction.e. ambiguity and expletive.15. Negative language is appropriate whena. your message must be strong and emphatic.b. the reader wants to retain your goodwill.c. you are focusing your reader on specific facts.d. a sentence contains a hidden verb or subject.e. jargon and slang would be misconstrued.16. A _____ sentence is often used to emphasize a single idea.a. passive-voiceb. compoundc. complexd. simplee. compound-complex17. Which of these statements about sentence variety is not true?a. Using too many simple sentences makes writing seem choppy.b. Mixing negative and positive sentences maintains reader interest.c. Readers may have difficulty reading a message with too many long sentences.d. If you use different sentence patterns and lengths, your messages will be more interesting.e. A message that contains one long sentence after another can bore readers.18. Identify the logical compound sentence.a. Plans A and B are safe and convenient options as retirement investments.b. Jill will photocopy the letters, and Adam will type the envelopes.c. Although the data was received after the deadline, we still managed to complete the project within one week.d. Please purchase paper clips, pencils, and notebooks when you go to the office supply store.e. Doug types 100 words per minute, and Amy sings in the choir.19. In an active sentence,a. the subject is the receiver of the action.b. the subject is subordinated to the action.c. the action is subjunctive to the doer.d. the subject performs the action.e. the verb tense describes the doer.20. Passive voice is appropriate whena. you want to inform an applicant tactfully that he was not chosen for the job.b. the identity of the person doing the action is unimportant.c. you want to emphasize the receiver of the action instead of the doer of the action.d. the person who performed the action is unknown.e. Passive voice is appropriate in all of these situations.21. When all your sentences work together to develop a single idea, the result isa. the “you” attitude.b. paragraph unity.c. coherence.d. parallelisme. reader benefits.22. A paragraph has coherence when each


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