CHIPOLA PSY 2012 - Abnormal Psychology

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Chapter 15 PSY 2012 SpiresAbnormal Psychology (Psychopathology) (Clinical Psychology) (Behavioral Psychology)- Insanity is a legal term, not a psychological term.- ECT – sends electric shocks through the brain - Psychosis – actually departing from reality - Sensoriums (Ox3) – is the client oriented to person, place, and time- Neurosis – the patient knows that the behavior is abnormal but can’t control it- Kraepelin was the first person to develop a system to measure and classify psychopathy- American Psychiatric Association established the DSM I in 1952. This was the first widely accepted system to measure psychopathy.o In 1967 the APA published the DSM II. It tried to determine the cause of the psychopathyo In 1984 they published the DSM III. It did not make an attempt to find the cause, just the symptoms. In 1987 they revised the DSM III-R to take culture into consideration.o In 1984 they introduced the multi-axial approach Axis I …….. Clinical Syndrome (name of psychological disorder) Axis II ……. Personality Disorder (if any exist)Pervasive Development (any developmental issues) Axis III …… Physical Disorder (if any exist) Axis IV ……Psychosocial Stressors (any other stressing influences) Axis V …….GAF Score (the therapist assigns the patient a Global Assessment of Function score which ranges from a perfect 100 to 0. A score of less than 35 may require the patient to be Baker Acted. A score of less than 65 still requires treatment.)o DSM IV is what is currently in useo DSM V is in evaluationPage 1 of 5Chapter 15 PSY 2012 SpiresTheories- Paradigm – way of thinking at any given time- Trephining – type of psychosurgery where the therapist drills a hole in the skull to remove demonso Prefrontal Lobotomy – surgically cut nerve endings in the front of the brain; affects the amygdala- Psychoanalytic Approach o People became psychologically disturbed because of unresolved problems as a child.- System Model o We live in a sick system that produces sick people.- Social Diathesis Theory o People who are under prolonged intense stress are more at risk to be schizophrenic.Types of Disorders- Anxiety Disorders o Very commono Treated with drugs and cognitive therapyo Types of Anxiety Disorders Panic Disorders (panic attack) Social Phobia – uncomfortable in social situations Generalized Anxiety Disorder – no known cause for excess anxiety OCD – strong urge to act out certain behaviors- Mood Disorders o Affect – the way an emotion is presentedo Euthymia – a normal mood patterno Types of Mood Disorders Depression – suppressed moodPage 2 of 5Chapter 15 PSY 2012 Spires Bipolar – extreme continuous mood swings Mania – continuous high-energy mood- Somatoform Disorders o Types of Somatoform Disorders Hypochondriasis – they fear symptoms are caused by a deadly a disease Psychogenic Pain – imagined pain Conversion Disorder – convert psychological trauma into a physiological problem- Dissociative Disorders o Types of Dissociative Disorders Psychogenic Amnesia – loss of memory Psychogenic Fugue – loss of memory and the person wanders away from their usual surroundings- Psychotic Disorders o Types of Psychotic Disorders Schizophrenia – literally means “split-mind”- Starts between ages 17-24- Used to be referred to as dementia praecox- Most severe psychotic disorder- Affects 1% of the populationo Affects everyone equally- Symptoms of Schizophreniao Delusionso Hallucinationso Paralogic Thinkingo Neologismso Thought Broadcastingo Thought Insertion- Types of SchizophreniaPage 3 of 5Always includes theseChapter 15 PSY 2012 Spireso Paranoido Catatonic Stupor – body is very stiff Excited – no regard for safetyo Hebephrenic (AKA: Disorganized) – worst type involving broken speech and unusual actionso Chronic Undifferentiated Type (C.U.T.)o Residual TypePage 4 of 5Chapter 15 PSY 2012 SpiresSample Test Questions1. Trevor, an eighteen year old college freshman, is seeking a therapist because of an extensivehistory of manifesting inappropriate conduct to include: being aggressive toward others, cruelty toward animals, disregard for the rights of others, and seemingly with no remorse for his inappropriate conduct toward others. A mental health professional would probably diagnose Trevor with ____________________.A) Antisocial personality disorder2. Dr. Spires is seeing a patient who reports that she constantly feels anxious, nervous, unable to concentrate, and is hyper vigilant. The patient is unable to identify a specific reason for the aforementioned statements. Dr. Spires will probably diagnose the patient with ___________.A) Generalized anxiety disorder3. What type of diagnoses are located on Axis II of the DSM IV? __________________A) Personality disorders and pervasive developmental disorders4. Randomly choosing letters to form words that have no meaning is termed _____________.A) “word salad”5. Define chronic undifferentiated schizophrenia.A) Chronic undifferentiated schizophrenia is the category assigned to schizophrenics who do not manifest specific symptoms of disorganized, catatonic, or paranoid schizophrenia.Page 5 of

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