Unformatted text preview:

The Reconstruction Amendments outlawed slavery, conferred birthright citizenship, due process of the law, and equality before the law, forbade states from passing discriminatory legislation, and guaranteed suffrage for all men of proper age without restrictions based on race. Yet, in 1896, the Supreme Court allowed states to pass “separate but equal” laws, ushering the long period known as Jim Crow, and by the turnof the century African Americans in the former Confederacy were all but disenfranchised. Write an essay about the course of race relations from the end of the Civil War to the turn of the twentieth century. Use at least six primary sources in making your case. (Suggested sources: Jourdan Anderson, “Letter to my Old Master”; Booker T. Washington “Atlanta Compromise” speech; John Hope’s critique of it; Plessy v. Ferguson; KKK reports; Black Codes; Late Convention of Colored Men; White Man’s Burden; stories and essays in Charles Chestnutt collection; Reconstruction Amendments.) Please also use material from the textbook and lectures.From 1865 to the early twentieth century African Americans were discriminated and mistreated beyond imaginable, while whites lived their life as if nothing was happening. It was a roller coaster for African Americans after they were given rights by the amendments many other laws passed stopped the equality of African Americans.Radical Reconstruction promised a revolution in American race relations and the very meaning of American citizenship. However, the South launched a powerful counter-revolution, and by the late 1870s even the Northern states had acquiesced. By the time of the election of 1876 the progress of equal rights and a true interracial democracy had foundered if not halted altogether. (Then the essay can go on to show 1) how Radical Reconstruction promised revolution 2) resistance from former Confederates 3) violence and disfranchisement and fraud 4) Supreme Court Cases 5) Plessy v. Ferguson 6) Disfranchisement and Jim Crow. Each point is a paragraph. Each paragraph atleast ONE, but ideally more than one, primary source. Final paragraph: conclusion.)1865: - Civil war ends- Lincoln is assassinated which is bad for the blacks because he was fighting for them in hissecond inaugural address- KKK is formed - 13th amendment is ratified ending slavery- Black codes are passed restricting the rights of newly freed slaves 1867:- Reconstruction acts are passed guaranteeing civil rights to slaves 1868:- 14th amendment passed allowing slaves to not be discriminated on previous conditions, race or other factors, they are citizens1870:- 15th amendment passed allowing African Americans to vote1877:- Reconstruction ends in the south1879:- Exodusters where many blacks migrate from the southern states for a better life1890:- Disenfranchisement of African Americans from voting, however it did not go against the 15th amendment, poll tax, grandfather clause1896:- Plessy vs. Ferguson, saying separate but equal is okay1909: - W.E.B. Dubois founded the NAACP declaring political equality and social justice to blacksLynching Jim Crow Laws were whites were superior to blacks Voting and the grandfather clause, which allowed illiterate whites to vote if their fathers or grandfathers voted before 1897Poll taxColor line was the barrier between America from white people and black peopleAlthough reconstruction amendments were put into place African Americans were still treated poorly by white supremacist, laws and violent outbreaks. Letter to my old master:- Letter from his former slave written to his master, feeling uneasy amount him - Old master asked for him to work for him even after everything happened to him from being a former slave- Sarcastic kind of tone towards his former master, why would he ever want to work for him after being shotLate Convention of Colored Men: - Federal Troops to protect African Americans- African Americans wanted the right to Vote- In each state a group of former slaves met to share their concerns and to request assistance from the federal governmentBlack Codes of Mississippi:- Rights of African Americans of what they can and cant do- The punishment for intermarriage of blacks and whites is imprisonment for life Organization and Principles of the KKK:- KKK wanted to protect the constitution and have whites be superior13th amendment: ends slavery14th amendment: grants and assures national citizenship regardless of race or previous conditions, discrimination15th amendment: male suffrage (right to vote) regardless of race or previous conditionsPlessy vs. Ferguson: - Plessy Ferguson got on a railroad in 1896 that was separate for blacks and whites, where he got on the white train- The 14th amendment is politically equal and it takes time for segregation to end - Conflicts with both the 13th and 14th amendment of the constitution- Went to supreme court, was put into jail Klan Terrorism in South Carolina:- Whipping and house burning - Mainly white males from the south who tortured African Americans and women, anyonewho wasn’t them, republicansBooker T. Washington:- 1895- African Americans need money, they want to be able to earn equal wages- Time can’t tell how long it will be till equality is reached however whenever it happens it will be great- They can be as separate as they want but we need to be together- Blacks need to establish a base, then fight for racial equality- Economic equalityJohn Hope, a critique to the Atlanta Compromise:- We “demand” social equality- Fight back- Speak there thoughts- Hope is actually going to take a stand and not let time take its course like


View Full Document

UMD PSYC 100 - Lecture notes

Documents in this Course
Notes

Notes

16 pages

Notes

Notes

2 pages

EXAM 2

EXAM 2

12 pages

Chapter 1

Chapter 1

34 pages

Module 9

Module 9

27 pages

Notes

Notes

2 pages

Chapter 1

Chapter 1

34 pages

The Brain

The Brain

10 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

7 pages

Test 1

Test 1

5 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

7 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

6 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

7 pages

Test 3

Test 3

16 pages

Test 3

Test 3

16 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

6 pages

Chapter 5

Chapter 5

15 pages

Exam 3

Exam 3

17 pages

Test 2

Test 2

15 pages

Notes

Notes

2 pages

Chapter 1

Chapter 1

24 pages

Exam 2

Exam 2

6 pages

Notes

Notes

2 pages

Exam 3

Exam 3

6 pages

Exam 3

Exam 3

6 pages

Exam #1

Exam #1

6 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

4 pages

Midterm 2

Midterm 2

13 pages

Exam 3

Exam 3

11 pages

Exam 1

Exam 1

4 pages

Load more
Download Lecture notes
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Lecture notes and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Lecture notes 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?