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U of A ANTH 1023 - Kinship

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ANTH 1023 1st Edition Lecture 7Outline of Last Lecture I. TermsII. Language in the United StatesOutline of Current Lecture I. Kinship TermsII. Patrilineal Kinship and ImportanceCurrent LectureI. Kinship termsoKinship: a culturally defined relationship established on the basis of blood ties or through marriage-Family is a separate aspect from everyday life, or can be intertwined-All are relatives- multifunctional-Meanings for ancestors, responsibilities, etc. oCultural construction of kinship: the idea that the kinship relationship a given people recognize do not perfectly reflect biological relationships-Forgetting or ignoring relationships-Biological sex to determine who is to be emphasized/deemphasized oDescent: the culturally established affiliation between a child and one or both parents-Universally the most recognized relationship is between mother and child oConsanguineal Kin- relatives by bloodoUnilineal descent: descent group membership based on links through either the maternal or the paternal line, but not bothoPatrilineal descent: a rule that affiliates a person kin of both sexes through males onlyoMatrilineal descent: a rule that affiliates a person to kin of both sexes through females onlyoBilateral descent: a system of descent under which individuals are equally affiliated with their mothers' and fathers' descent groupoClan: a unilineal kinship group whose members believe themselves to be descended from a common ancestor but can't trace the link through the known relativesoExogamy: a rule specifying that a person must marry outside a particular group-Political relations (sharing power, wealth, land), birth defects (genetic mutations), bridge environments (peaceful relationships),oEndogamy: a rule specifying that a person must marry into a particular groupoMatrifocal: focused on mother's sideoPatrifocal: focused on father's sideThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.oFictive kinship: having someone in your kinship that isn't blood but you recognize them as family-Adoption, god parents, close friends, "aunt" and "uncle" who aren't really related, Greek life "brothers" and "sisters"II. Patrilineal kinship and ImportanceoTraditional ChinaoWife leaves her family and affiliates with the husband oNot in the family until she produces a male heir oAdoption of Chinese girls in America "litter"oCircle: femaleoTriangle:


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