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POLS 021 1st Edition Lecture 8 Outline of Last Lecture I. French Revolution Separation by Ideologya. Affect of American Revolution on French Soldiersb. The Estates-General of 1789c. French National Assembly SeatingII. Dimensions of Political Viewsa. Social Control Dimensionb. Social Structure Dimensionc. Rate of Change DimensionIII. Hybrid Philosophies: Liberalism and Conservatisma. New Lefb. Radical RightOutline of Current Lecture:I. Conservatism and Liberalism a. Centered Rightb. Conservative Democrats of Civil Warc. 1930s: Franklin Roosevelt II. Ideological Polarization in the United Statesa. Squeezing out Independents/Moderatesb. Ideology, Religion, and Partyc. Ronald Reagan Electiond. SocializationCurrent Lecture:These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Conservative and Liberalism: Hybrids – no consistent view of state – no revolutionary componentsVermont/Massachusetts: Most Liberal statesAlabama/Mississippi: Most conservative statesMississippi: Most ReligiousVermont: Least ReligiousThere are currently more conservatives than there are liberals. The U.S. political ideology is centered to the right: a Moderate Conservative Nation. Self-identifiable conservatives outnumber self-identified liberals by at least 15 points. After the Civil War, there were lots of conservative democrats who defended slavery before the Civil War and defended segregation after the Civil War. First Slaves in Virginia—1619 (A year before the Pilgrims came)1930s: Franklin Roosevelt – Democrats became the party of Civil RightsThe Republican Party was socially liberal.The Northeastern moderates did not have a party—their influence on the Republican Party shrank. Bicoastal Liberalism: Coastal Liberal StatesMountain States/Deep South: ConservativesThe Ideological Polarization in the United States:Liberal  Democrats  (moderates)  Republicans  ConservativeIndependents and Moderates are being squeezed out of the political realm.Ones political stance has become a fusion of ideology, religion, and party—Beliefs are so much more intense now than they were because political beliefs are directly related to ones moral codes and fibers. Obama’s approval rating by party: Democrats: Way up Republicans: Way downRonald Reagan Election:Reagan switched from a liberal democrat to a conservative republican. Because of this, there were many who voted against their parties (democrats who switched with Reagan and republicans who did not want to vote for the newly switched Reagan). “Boll Weevils”: Term used to describe conservative Southern Democrats in mid to late 20th century. Used as a political sobriquet by Democratic Party leaders to imply that the “Boll Weevils” were an unreliable source of votes (this was during the time that conservative Southern Democrats were transitioning to the Republican Party—and would therefore vote one way or another—depending on the candidate’s stance on Civil Rights and desegregation. During the administration of Ronald Reagan, the “boll weevil” label was applied to a bloc of conservative Democrats, mostly Southerners, who voted against their party in order to vote for Reagan. These conservative Democrats consistently voted for tax cuts, increases in military spending, and deregulation favored by the Reagan administration.“Gypsy Moths”: This was a derogatory term used by conservative Republicans to describe moderate members of their party who represent the Northeastern or Midwestern urban part ofthe United States—an area that is environmentally damaged by the invasive gypsy moth. Northeastern moderates, whose influence on the Republican Party was weakening, were often referred to as this during their transition to the Democratic Party. During the election of Ronald Reagan, “gypsy moths” were the republicans who voted against their party and therefore, against Reagan. Socialization: A transfer of political values (through parents, education, teachers, bosses, etc.) Support-  Policies  DemandPolitical System Feedback


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