Mizzou LTC 1100 - Mental Health in Schools (8 pages)

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Mental Health in Schools



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Mental Health in Schools

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Pages:
8
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Ltc 1100 - Orientation
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Mental Health in Schools Why mental health in schools Accessing and meeting the needs of students who require mental health services is facilitated by contact through and at schools Addressing psychosocial and mental and physical health concerns is essential to the effective school performance of some students What is my responsibility to my students Video Should I be concerned ADHD between 3 and 5 percent of children have ADHD or approximately 2 million children in the United States This means that in a classroom of 25 to 30 children it is likely that at least one will have ADHD Autism estimated that 3 4 of every 1 000 children 3 10 years old had autism Depression 1 in every 10 children and adolescents are affected by serious emotional disturbances Eating Disorders Nationwide 12 3 of high school students had gone without eating for 24 hours or more to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight during the last 30 days One percent 1 of female adolescents suffer from anorexia Suicide third leading cause of death for 15 to 24 year olds among this age group suicide accounts for 12 3 of all deaths In 2007 6 9 of high school student surveyed through the Youth Risk Behavior Survey indicated they had attempted suicide in the last 12 months and 14 5 had seriously considered attempting suicide Facilitate learning and be and advocate What is child abuse Child abuse is any mistreatment of a child under the age of 18 by parents caregivers and others that results in risk of harm or injury The legal definition of child abuse varies from state to state It is important to note that some acts such as exposing a child to domestic violence may not be criminal but may still be harmful to a child Physical Abuse Any non accidental physical injury Non accidental injuries may include beatings bruises welts shaking burns human bites strangulation immersion in scalding water broken bones or internal injuries EMOTIONAL NEGLECT ABUSE Failure of a parent or caregiver to provide the appropriate support attention and affection necessary for a child to develop intellectually includes verbal assault or coercive behaviors such as belittling humiliating and ridiculing Sexual Abuse The use of a child for the sexual gratification of another person It includes behaviors such as intercourse sodomy oral genital stimulation verbal stimulation exhibitionism voyeurism fondling and involving a child in prostitution or the production of pornography Incest is a sexual abuse that occurs within a family Neglect Failure of a parent or caregiver to meet the basic needs of a child such as food shelter medical care educational opportunity protection and supervision WHEN does child abuse occur Child abuse can happen any time of the day or night It is most likely when an abuser has undisturbed private access to a child HOW can I tell if a child is being abused The only way to know for certain is if a child discloses abuse to you or you happen to witness the abuse However if a child exhibits several of the signs listed below the child may be experiencing abuse Physical Signs Welts or broken bones Repeated and unexplained injuries Bruises that leave hand belt or cord marks Injuries at different stages of healing Burns cuts scrapes missing hair Failure to thrive Ulcers headaches stomach aches Bedwetting Injuries or redness at the genitals Injuries or conditions not treated Sexually transmitted disease pregnancy at young age Appearance Very dirty Clothing is not suited for the weather Clothing is in poor condition Child is overly thin or obese Behavior Hits others Overly tired can t concentrate Often late or absent from school Afraid of others or craves attention clingy Hungry begs for food steals Unusual knowledge of sex Seductive behavior Avoidance of bathrooms Reluctance to go home or early arrival at school Sudden school problems Abrupt change in behavior or personality Aggression anger irritability anxiety compulsivity The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching estimates that 90 of all teachers see abused or neglected children in their classrooms Handling Disclosure Listen to and Believe the child Find a private place to talk Reassure the child that he she has done the right thing by reporting the abuse Rephrase important thoughts using the child s vocabulary Tell the child that help is available and that you must report to someone who can help Report the incident immediately 1 800 392 3738 Seek out support for yourself Handling Disclosure DO NOT Promise confidentiality Panic or express shock Ask leading or suggestive questions Make negative comments about the perpetrator Disclose information indiscriminately What should you do when you suspect abuse or neglect CALL THE HOTLINE AT 1 800 392 3738 The Children s Division staff this hotline 24 hours a day 7 days a week 365 days a year They will take information from you and respond to child abuse and neglect If you live outside Missouri and want to report abuse or neglect of a Missouri child call 573 751 3448 HAVE COMPLETE INFORMATION Children s Division needs specific information to be able to respond to a complaint of abuse or neglect Be sure you have the name of the child the name of the parent s the name of the alleged abuser where the child can be located You will also be asked Is the child in a life threatening situation now How do you know about the abuse neglect Did you witness the abuse neglect Were there other witnesses and how can they be contacted Notice to Mandated Reporters Effective August 28 2004 If you are required to report child abuse or neglect because of your occupation you may no longer make an anonymous call to the Hotline CONSIDER IDENTIFYING YOURSELF If you are not required by occupation to report you don t have to identify yourself when you make a hotline call however being able to contact you later helps CD workers do a more thorough investigation They may need to ask you for more information during the investigation process What if you re not sure it s abuse or neglect http www dss mo gov You can call the local Children s Division office to discuss your concerns They can advise you whether or not to call the hotline They can also give you advice that might help you help the family in crisis Err on the side of over reporting If you have the thought Maybe I should call DO Not all calls to the hotline are determined to be abuse neglect However CD can often provide services and assistance that can help families prevent abuse Teen Sexual Activity


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