Mizzou LTC 1100 - Cognitive Development Notes (6 pages)

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Cognitive Development Notes



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Cognitive Development Notes

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Ltc 1100 - Orientation
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Cognitive Development Piaget 09 15 2014 Active and Motivated learners Children learn and adapt about the world Assimilation dealing with an object event in way that s consistent with existing scheme Accommodation changing existing schemes and forming new ones FOUR STAGES Sensorimotor birth two Imitation memory and thought Understands objects exist but not necessarily perceiving them Beginning of logical and goal directed actions Mental representation o Images o Imitation o Make believe Preoperational two seven Symbols to represent actions objects Sociodramatic play Actions carried out with logical thinking Egocentric Can answer What if Thinks the whole world sees the world the same way they do Non living things have living qualities Trouble dual representation teaching and a mom mom and sister etc conservation amount is the same despite the shape centration focus on more than one aspect hierarchical classification Concrete Operational stage 7 11 Logical thought Reversibility Classification Seriation Mental Rotation Cannot reason about abstract things Formal Operational stage 11 15 Ability to deal with abstract hypothetical ideas Hypothetical deductive reasoning Idealism Argue a lot more Self Consciousness and Self Focusing o Imaginary audience think everyone is watching paying attention to you o Sensitive to criticism but need criticism constructively o Personal fable Idealism and Criticism Cognitive Development Info Processing 09 15 2014 Emphasizes the development of how we remember and store information Not a stage theory but just a gradual and steady process How we use mental strategies to operate and transform info Early Childhood Easily distracted Difficulty focusing Reteaching because they struggle to remember Not effective at memory strategies Short time involved on tasks Development of Memory Strategies Rehearsal early grade school Organization soon after rehearsal o Knowledge bas helps organization Elaboration end of middle childhood o Meaningful chunks of information Schooling promotes using these memory strategies Adolescents Attention is more thorough Strategies more effective Improved storage and retrieval Metacognitive knowledge increased being aware of your thought process Cognitive Development Vygotsky 09 15 2014 Assumptions Development is dependent on people in kids world Children s idea knowledge attitudes and values develop through interactions with others Psychological tools signs and symbols gestures language mathematical sign systems etc come from the surrounding culture Private speech guides childrens thinking and actions Scaffolding support for learning and problem solving Zone of Proxmal Development phase at which child can master task with appropriate help and support Cognitive Development Language Development 09 15 2014 Language acquisition Birth 2 understand world through senses 2 after oral language begins and mental symbols used to understand the world first words between 10 15 months Vocab acquisition proceeds in bursts By age 2 average child knows 900 words


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