Mizzou LTC 1100 - Assessments (5 pages)

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Assessments



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Assessments

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Pages:
5
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Ltc 1100 - Orientation
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Assessments 12 01 2014 Important Definitions Evaluation decision making about student performance and appropriate teaching strategies Measurement evaluation expressed in quantitative terms Assessment procedure used to obtain information about student performance Why Decisions about students Feedback on progress strength weakness Judge instructional abilities Educational policies Types of Assessments Norm referenced comparing a students scores with those of other students o Comparison groups class school school district state national samples o Grading on curve o Students compared to other students o Average becomes anchor for other grades o Fairness issue o Adjusting the curve Criterion referenced assessing student mastery to a prescribed set of criteria o Tell teachers what students can and cannot do o Mastery of objectives o Criteria for grades set in advance o Student determines what grade they want to get o All students can receive an A Terms Validity o Is the test measuring what it is supposed to be measuring o How well a test measures what its supposed to measure o To be valid a test MUST be reliable Reliability o Consistency with which a test measures whatever its measuring o A test can be reliable but NOT valid o Enhancing reliability Several tasks clearly defines tasks avoid assessment when student is ill assess under similar conditions for all students identify criteria REMEMBER increase validity by using info gathered from MULTIPLE assessment formats Standardized Tests 12 01 2014 Definition Procedures for administration are uniform across examiners and settings Methods Group administration Individual administration Reference Standardization sample norm group representative of the target population Purpose Provide information about students progress Diagnose students strengths and weaknesses Provide evidence of placement of students in specific programs Help administrators evaluate programs Contribute accountability Teachers Role in Standardized Testing Prepare students to take test Administer test Understand and interpret test results Communicate test results to parents What do test scores mean Measures of central tendency o Mean Median Mode Range Measures of variability o Standard deviation a measure of how widely the scores vary from the mean The more spread out the scores the larger the standard deviation Raw Scores actual number of items correct endorsed Standard Scores transformation of scores to produce a normal distribution Percentile Ranks expresses the percentage of persons in the standardization sample who scored at or below a specific raw score CHECK OUT ASSESSMENT SLIDE SHOW FOR STANDARD DEVIATION Types of Scores Age Equivalents expresses a persons performance as the average performance for that age group AE 7 10 7 years 10 months Grade Equivalents expresses a students performance as the average performance for a particular grade o GE 8 3 o 8th grader 3 10 through the year o As good as an 8th grader did on the 7th grade material doesn t mean should be in 8th grade 12 01 2014


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