Mizzou LTC 1100 - COGNITIVE LEARNING THEORY (6 pages)

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COGNITIVE LEARNING THEORY



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COGNITIVE LEARNING THEORY

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Ltc 1100 - Orientation

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COGNITIVE LEARNING THEORY 11 03 2014 Cognitive Learning Theories Focus on acquisition of knowledge and knowledge structures Behavior is the result of learning Focus on changing the learner not the environment INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY Assumptions o People are active participants in the learning process o People get to decide what they put in their memory and learn o You interpret the meaning of things based on previous experience not just on how you say it o We can draw inferences through observation THREE MAIN PROCCESSES o Encoding process of gathering and representing information o Storage process of putting new information in memory o Retrieval remembering previously stored information SHORT TERM Where info is held until its processed Limited capacity 5 9 bits Short duration 20 30 seconds Maintenance rehearsal repeating information over and over Elaborative rehearsal associating information with something you already know MEMORY Cue Dependent Forgetting Caused by a lack of retrieval cues Interference Theory Old info gets in the way of new information or vice versa Decay Theory Passage of time allows memory trace to disintegrate LONG TERM Declarative memory something is a fact you know it o Semantic memory general knowledge about world o Episodic memory information ties to a particular time and place Procedural memory how to do things Large capacity Long Term Declarative Procedural Episodic and Sematic STORING INFORMATION Elaboration adding to newly acquired information by connecting it to existing knowledge Organization ordered and logical networks of relations Context physical emotional backdrop associated with an event Factors Affecting Retrieval Frequently used information is retrieved more easily Information learned to mastery and then overlearned is easier to retrieve once you ve learned it practice over and over and over Information learned meaningfully is retrieved more easily relate it to them that makes it meaningful Retrieved more easily when one



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