TAMU ANSC 210 - Animals and Research (5 pages)

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Animals and Research

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Animals and Research


This lecture was a guest lecture and it covered the various rules for biomedical research and animals.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Ansc 210 - Companion Animal Science
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ANSC 210 1nd Edition Lecture 27 Outline of Previous Lecture I II Common Diagnostic Tests Imaging Outline of Current Lecture I II III IV V VI Population Trends Animal Behavior Animal Behavior and Veterinary Medicine Looking at Animal Behavior Beaver Approach to Animal Behavior i Historical ii Neurological and sense iii Communication iv Social v Sexual vi Ingestive vii Eliminative viii Locomotive ix Grooming Questions Current Lecture I Population Trends a 69 9 million in 36 5 of households b 74 1 million in 30 4 households c More multi cat households d 4 9 million in 1 7 households II Animal Behavior a How an animal acts any particular time b Animals have a limited behavioral repertoire i Have to look at the context of behaviors ii Can be appropriate in certain situations 1 Shaking when getting out of water 2 Barking at a noise iii Can be inappropriate These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute 1 Out of context behaviors 2 Excessive behaviors 3 Non occurring behaviors III Animal Behavior and Veterinary Medicine a Harder to recognize normal and abnormal with only one animal b Can be medical problems expressed as a behavior c Owners know something is wrong but they don t know what it is d Example vomiting is an abnormal behavior but it is a medical problem e 1 public health problem in US dog bites f 20 of dogs and cats in US die in an animal shelter i Half are surrendered by owner ii Owner surrendered because of a behavior problem IV Looking at Animal Behavior a Many ways to approach a subject b Look at specific body systems i Digestive ii Musculoskeletal iii Nervous iv Reproductive v Sensory c Look at specific species d Environmental i Free range feral ii Households iii Laboratory iv Wild settings e Abnormal behaviors i Housesoiling ii Obsessive compulsive disorders iii Separation anxiety f It is important to know what is normal in order to work with the abnormal V Beaver Approach to Animal Behavior a Combination of i Historical 1 Dogs are not all equal a Dogs came from wolves b Maybe from Europe or Asia c Dogs were selected for ease of taming d Dogs were selected for the retention of puppy traits e Dogs were selected for certain behavioral traits or physical features f They can be very different i Chihuahua ii Border collie iii German shepherd iv Each bred for a specific purpose and look 2 Cats are like rubber stamps a Derived from small felines b cats have similar behaviors c Domesticated 2 000 years ago d Minimal selective breeding for cats i Why 1 Mobile mouse trap 2 Became worshipped 3 God like representation 4 Association with the moon god eventually led to the association with the evil side of the mood the devil 5 Associated with witchcraf ii Neurological and sense iii Communication iv Social 1 Sometimes you can contrast behaviors with domestic species 2 Dog social behavior a Dogs live in groups b Linear dominance i Alpha ii Beta iii So on c Very attuned to their pecking order d Wolf spent 85 of their day in close proximity with their pack e Depriving animal of social interaction unless there is another dog f When the dog s routine changes the dog stresses g If human is stressed the dog is stressed because you do not act normal h Humans viewed as pack leaders i Leaders by example ii Not aggressive dominance iii Leadership is more important than dominance 3 Cat social behavior a Linear dominance kind of i Top cat ii Bottom cat pariah 1 Shows crouched posture to dominant cat or owner 2 Very stressed cat 3 If they can t get away from high ranking animal 4 The pariah will leave iii Everyone else is mixed in the middle iv There are a lot of shared spots in the middle b Dominance is also related to territory i In A s territory it is leader ii In B s territory it is leader c Asocial i Not antisocial ii Governed to living by themselves v Sexual vi Ingestive 1 Dogs a b c d Feast or famine pattern The dog will eat until they cannot put anything else Then they will not eat for two more days Meat preferences i Beef ii Pork iii Lamb iv Chicken v Horsemeat e Predatory behaviors i Anything that moves rapidly away triggers prey chasing ii Modified instincts for working breeds 1 Herding dogs 2 Duck dogs 2 Cat a b c d Several small meals a day Free feeding cats is much easier Cat food is calorie rich which leads to obesity Food preferences i Smell is important ii If they can t smell they can t eat iii Will starve to death e Predatory behavior i They alert to sight or sound of prey ii They do not alert to hunger iii Stalk iv Attack pounce v Kill they go for the neck canines puncture spinal cord vi Carry off to eat vii Hunger and killing are not equal in the cat 3 Grass eating a It is normal b It is a salad c Mice and deer eat grain plant material vii Eliminative viii Locomotive ix Grooming VI Questions a Cat eats leaves i Same thing as grass eating ii A lot of animals will eat houseplants iii Advice grow a small pot of lawn grass b Why do dogs and cats eat their own poop i Medical issues ii Boredom iii Obsessive compulsive disorder c Cats eat insects i Normal ii They will even have favorite kinds of insects

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