UMass Amherst GEO-SCI 103 - Ocean Exploration and Navigation (6 pages)

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Ocean Exploration and Navigation



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Ocean Exploration and Navigation

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This lecture provides information on the brief history of ocean exploration and notes important figures that contributed to observations and advancements within the field. Also, there is further exploration involving the concepts of latitude, longitude and methods of navigation processes.


Lecture number:
2
Pages:
6
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Geo-Sci 103 - Intro Oceanography GenEd: PS
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

GEO SCI 103 Lecture 2 Outline of Last Lecture I Significance in Studying Oceanography II Specialties and different types of Oceanography what is it III Ocean Circulation Today IV Monitoring Weather Events V Scientific Method Outline of Current Lecture Chapter 1 Continued I Brief History of Ocean Exploration A Important Figures and Contributors to Ocean Exploration B The Growth of Scientific Study of the Ocean Overtime II Latitude and Longitude A Significance B Latitude Terminology and Definition C Longitude Terminology and Definition III Latitude Climate Zones and the Circumference of the Earth A Earth s Orbital Characteristics B Eratosthenes determines Earth is a Sphere IV Navigation Finding Your Way at Sea A Before the GPS B Navigation Today Current Lecture I Brief History of Ocean Exploration HMS Challenger embarked on the first cruise dedicated entirely to the scientific exploration of the ocean which lasted from December 1872 until May 1876 Greek Classical Period 484 425 BC intellectual exploration led to several significant accomplishments most notably by Herodotus Provided a basis for the first reasonable map of the known world Hellenistic Period 300 BC great fusion of Greek philosophy with eastern mathematical skills These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Technology and techniques using the astrolabe a predecessor of the modern sextant that uses the position of the sun and stars to determine location provided the basis for the Age of Exploration that began in the 15th century AD By the fall of the Roman Empire A D 476 the following was known 1 2 3 4 The actual size and shape of the Earth The ocean surrounded all the continents Basic navigational techniques and The essential principles of making maps Important Figures and Contributors to Ocean Exploration Alexander the Great subsequently conquered the Persians and other civilizations around 330 B



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