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HLTH 354 CHAPTER 13 THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM WORD PARTS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM EXAMPLE NOTES ROOT WORD GYNECOLOGY EXTERNAL vagina vulva perineum woman breast colp o vagin o episi o vulv o perine o gynec o gyn o mast o mamm o milk lact o GYNECOLOGY INTERNAL cervic o cervix colposcope vaginitis episiotomy vulvodynia perineoplasty perineorrhaphy gynecology gynecologist mastopexy mastectomy mammogram lactation lactorrhea cervicodynia cervicitis uterus pelvis ovary hyster o metr o uter o pelv i oophor o ovari o hysterectomy endometrium uterus pelvimetry pelvic sonography oophorectomy ovariocentesis menstruation men o salping o menorrhea menopause salpingectomy salpingoscope amni o cyesis amniocentesis pseudocyesis fallopian tube OBSTETRICS amnion pregnancy chori o chorion o toc o fet o choriocarcinoma chorionitis dystocia tocograph fetometry part o nat o postpartum neonatal chorion labor fetus birth The word vagina comes from Latin and means the sheath or scabbard of a sword Vulva is the term for the external genital organs of a female Perineum is the term for the region between the genital organs and the anus This root comes from Greek for woman The name of the mastodon a long extinct type of elephant similar to a mammoth actually breaks down as mast breast and odon tooth The root for milk lacto is also the root for the English word galaxy Cervix means neck and refers not to the neck connecting your head to your body but to the opening between the uterus and the vagina Break down the word hysteria as a medical term It means a uterus condition hyster ia Pelvis comes from a Latin word meaning basin or washtub and refers to the shape of the bones that make up the pelvis Oophoro can be broken down into two words oo meaning egg and phor meaning to carry Thus oophor literally means the thing that carries the eggs Meno comes from Greek for month and refers to the standard 28 day recurrence of menstrual cycles Salpingo comes from the Latin word for trumpet The amnion is the innermost membrane covering the fetus Although women experience pregnancy firsthand there is a documented medical condition called Couvade syndrome or sympathetic pregnancy The chorion is the outer membrane covering the fetus It connects the fetus to the wall of the uterus In the United States there are more boy babies born than girl babies Fetus is a Latin word that means offspring The Greek word is embryo Both roots mean birth but their focus is different Parto means more accurately to give birth and focuses on the mother Nato means more literally to be born and focuses on the baby SUBJECTIVE Patient History Problems Complaints GYNECOLOGY Term amenorrhea AY men oh REE a colpostenosis KOL poh steh NOH sis dysmenorrhea DIS men oh REE ah dyspareunia dis pah ROO nee ah gynecomastia GAI neh koh MAS tee a hysteralgia HIS ter AL jah hysterodynia HIS ter oh DIH nee ah leukorrhea LOO koh REE ah mastalgia mas TAL jah mastoptosis MAS top TOH sis menorrhagia MEN oh RAY jah menorrhalgia MEN oh RAL jah metromenorrhagia MEH troh MEN oh RAY jah metrorrhagia MEH troh RAY jah oligomenorrhea AW lih goh MEN oh REE ah ovaralgia OH var AL jah ovarialgia oh VAR ee AL jah perineocele PER ih NEE oh seel polymenorrhea PAW lee MEN oh REE ah vaginodynia VAJ ih noh DIH nee ah vulvodynia VUL voh DIH nee ah OBSTETRICS Term amniorrhea AM nee oh REE ah amniorrhexis AM nee oh REK sis Braxton Hicks contraction BRAKS ton HIKS con TRAK shun contraction con TRAK shun Definition no menstruation narrowing in the vaginal opening painful menstruation painful sexual intercourse development of breast tissue in males pain in the uterus pain in the uterus white vaginal discharge breast pain downward displacement drooping of the breast excessive menstrual flow painful menstruation eun ia Word Analysis a meno rrhea no menstruation discharge colpo sten osis vagina narrow condition dys meno rrhea bad menstruation discharge dys par bad alongside couch condition gyneco mast ia woman breast condition hyster algia uterus pain hystero dynia uterus pain leuko rrhea white discharge mast algia breast pain masto ptosis breast drooping condition meno rrhagia menstruation excessive discharge meno rrh algia uterus discharge pain metro meno rrhagia uterus menstruation excessive discharge excessive menstrual bleeding at irregular intervals menstrual bleeding at irregular times metro rrhagia infrequent or light menstrual periods pain of the ovaries pain of the ovaries hernia in the perineal region menstrual periods occurring with greater than normal frequency vaginal pain pain in the vulva uterus excessive discharge oligo meno rrhea few menstruation discharge ovar algia ovary pain ovari algia ovary pain perineo cele perineum pouch tumor hernia poly meno rrhea many menstruation discharge vagino dynia vagina pain vulvo dynia vulva pain Definition discharge of amniotic fluid rupture of the amniotic sac sporadic contractions of the uterine muscles of women not in labor also known as false labor shortening or tightening of a muscle during labor the uterine muscles contract Word Analysis amnio rrhea amnion discharge amnio rrhexis amnion rupture named after John Braxton Hicks doctor who first noted them 1872 from Latin for to draw together or shorten OBJECTIVE Observation and Discovery GYNECOLOGY Term amastia ay MAS tee ah cervical dysplasia SER vih kal dis PLAY zhah colpoptosis KOL pawp TOH sis episiostenosis eh PEE zee oh stih NOH sis hematosalpinx heh MAT oh SAL pinks hydrosalpinx HAI droh SAL pinks hypermastia HAI per MAS tee ah hypomastia HAI poh MAS tee ah hysteroptosis HIS ter awp TOH sis macromastia MAK roh MAS tee ah micromastia MAI kroh MAS tee ah oophorocystosis OH aw FOR oh SIS toh sis pyosalpinx PAI oh SAL pinks uterine prolapse YOO ter in PROH laps Definition absence of breast bad formation of cervical cells downward displacement of the vagina narrowing of the vulvar opening blockage in a fallopian tube caused by blood blockage in a fallopian tube caused by water or any clear fluid excessively large breasts abnormally small breasts downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina abnormally large breasts abnormally small breasts ovarian cysts blockage in a fallopian tube caused by pus downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina Word Analysis a mast ia no breast condition cervic al dys plasia cervix pertaining to bad formation colpo ptosis vagina droop condition episio sten osis vulva narrow condition hemato salpinx blood fallopian tube hydro

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