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CSU HIST 151 - Midterm Part 1

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Jane Addams was a young female college graduate who worked towards social reform. She created Hull House, a team of educated women sharing their knowledge with poorer people to create change. Hull House began as a way to “uplift the poor through concerts, art exhibits, and classes in literature and history” (Edwards, 194). After hearing the injustices of urban poverty, Addams decided it was time for a change. Hull House began tackling issues in medical care, public health, housing, and crime. Hull House and its advocates aided in establishing child labor laws, giving women the right to vote, and giving proper compensation to laborers. “The form of the dreams for beauty and righteousness changes with each generation… and it is alwaysdifficult for the fathers to understand the sons” (Addams, 118). Addams’ creation of Hull House is a great symbol of the gilded age because Addams faced hardships within her education and in starting Hull House. Addams had a connection to the lower class because of these hardships she faced and she was able to use her connections to benefit the lower classes. Addams’ story is truly inspiring as she used her voice to fight for rights of people who didn’t have as big of an impact.The Pacific Railway Act was formed in 1862 in order to lend federal support to talented men who could build a transcontinental railroad. The government gave the builders working on the lines the land which was adjacent to the railroad(Sheflin, The West). Throughout the buildingof the railroad, the workers faced many struggles such as weather & labor issues. This act facilitated settlement and development of the west by authorizing the Union Pacific and Central Pacific to construct the railroad, thus giving United States citizens a new sense of distance, cheaper travels, a new sense of time, and a new way to transport new goods. It was much cheaper and much more efficient to transport people and goods on railroads which was great when it came to economic change in the west. The introduction of railroads also brought many immigrants to the United States which became the root of many issues faced later on in theUnited States. Although the civil war was still going on during this time period, western expansion clearly remained an important aspect for the American dream. This need for settlement in the west ties in to the concept of manifest destiny throughout the gilded age. Wounded Knee was a massacre that occurred in 1890 when members of the United Statesarmy encircled and fired upon members of the Sioux and other native tribes. “American Indian tribes in the American west who resist white American expansion into their regions will be defeated, negotiated with, and evicted from their land and moved onto reservations” (Sheflin, The West). A man from the Paiute tribe named Wovoka(aka Jack Wilson) introduced the Native peoples to the ghost dance. Wovoka's prophecy was that if Indian peoples came together to practice the ghost dance and give up relations with white americans they could become pure. He believed once the Native peoples became pure, white people would fall off the face of the earth, dead natives would be resurrected, and the natives would regain independence and autonomy(Sheflin, The West). Many white people grew worried about the ghost dancers and sawtheir dance as a form of hostility; in response to this, people began requesting military support. The army rounded up a group of supposedly hostile ghost dancers, marched them down to wounded knee creek, and forced them to surrender their arms and supplies(Sheflin, The

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